The economy of the Middle East is extremely linked to oil production, since this subcontinent is home to the largest ore deposit in the world. On the other hand, the industrial sector does not have the same prominence, except for Israel. Only now that most countries in the Middle East are starting an effective industrialization process. In general, industrial production in the region revolves around the textile segment (making carpets, such as Persians), in addition to the food industries.
Most of the industrial parks present within the Middle East are found in major cities, such as Ankara (capital of Turkey), Damascus (Syria), Baghdad (Iraq) and Tehran (Iran). Every resource generated by oil production has been used in the technological development of refineries and petrochemical industries in countries like Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
In Israel, despite the natural adversities of a climatic order, the country has a relative industrial development, an activity responsible for 30% of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The industrial park of that country is located, mainly, in the cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa, which hold about 25% of the national PEA (Economically Active Population). There are also traditional industries (food and textiles), as well as industries that work in the cutting of diamonds, in the production of military and electronic equipment.
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Welcome to the top MBA directory in Middle East. We have created the list of best Middle East business colleges that provide BBA, MBA or DBA programs. Most business schools offer full-time, part-time and executive education. Such rankings are based on the student surveys, alumni reviews, admissions profiles, employment rates, average starting salary and peer school assessment. To find out detailed information about admissions and career about each school in Middle East, just follow the link below.
|The Babson MBA – Dubai
|United Arab Emirates
|The American University in Cairo
|The Dubai Business School
|United Arab Emirates
|American University of Sharjah School of Business Administration
|United Arab Emirates
|United Arab Emirates University
|United Arab Emirates
|Tel Aviv University – Leon Recanati Graduate School of Business Administration
|College of Industrial Management at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
|American University of Beirut, Suliman S. Olayan School of Business
Note: According to Countryaah, there are 16 countries in Middle East. Among these countries and regions, U.A.E. and Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Israel, Qatar, Kuwait and Qatar host the Middle East leading 10 famous business MBA programs.
Syria Relations with other countries
United States: Syria’s relationship with the United States has been changeable, and for long periods poor; partly during the Cold War when Syria was allied with the Soviet Union, and partly as a result of Syria’s policy towards Israel and support for further Palestinian groups. Syria severed diplomatic relations with the United States following the Six Day War in 1967 and the Israeli occupation of the Golan Heights. The connections were restored in 1974.
The situation was weakened during the US intervention in Lebanon, and when the US warships in 1983 shook Syrian positions in Lebanon. Syria has largely opposed US attempts at solutions to the Middle East conflict, with solutions perceived by Syria to secure Israel’s security needs. During the Madrid process in 1991, when a comprehensive solution was sought, the United States supported Syria’s demand that Israel return the Golan Heights. This came after Syria joined the broad coalition that attacked Iraq in 1990-1991 to liberate Kuwait in the Second Gulf War. Syrian participation has radically improved relations with the United States – for a period of time.
Syria was put on the United States list of countries that support terrorism in 1979. The relationship was particularly weakened during the presidency of George W. Bush, and as a result of September 11, 2001 and the subsequent global war on terror. Syria was put on a list of countries where the United States wanted regime change and where it was appropriate to give in to war. The conflict intensified when Syria resisted the US-led attack on Iraq in 2003. The United States imposed sanctions on Syria in 2004, on the grounds that the country was a threat to US national security.
The war in Syria after 2011 changed the situation significantly, as the US gave its political support to the opposition early, demanding that the Baath regime and President Assad have to step down. Subsequently, the United States supported parts of the opposition, deploying military forces to support the Kurdish forces in northern Syria. However, the United States did not support the demand for a military intervention against the Syrian government. From 2014, the United States took the lead in a multinational force that launched a military campaign against jihadists first in Iraq, then in Syria, through Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR).
France: Syria’s relations with France are partly dependent on historical conditions and partly on the regional interests of both countries. For historical reasons, Syria has been in close contact with France, and President Bashar al-Assad urged the country to play a more active role in the Middle East when he visited President Nicolas Sarkozy in Paris in 2009.
The war in Syria after 2011 has changed the relationship between the two countries, with France early criticizing the Syrian government for abuses against civilians. France has been one of the proponents of Western military intervention in Syria, in support of the opposition, and participates in the coalition fighting Islamists.
Russia: Syria’s relationship with Russia builds on the close connection with the Soviet Union during the Cold War, when Syria was one of Moscow’s close allies in the Third World. Relations with Russia were strengthened in the mid-1990s and the naval base of Tartus was rebuilt. Russia also maintained relations through arms deliveries to Syria.
The war in Syria after 2011 has significantly strengthened the relationship between the two countries. Russia, along with China, remained one of the few supporters of the Assad regime during the Syrian uprising. Russia’s support for the Syrian regime was stepped up in 2015, with Russian military participation in the war. In addition to supplying weapons and strengthening its bases in the country, Russia has deployed military forces. In particular, Russian air forces have participated in attacks against insurgents. Ground personnel, including air defense, have supported the air operations. Russia’s support has been crucial to the Syrian government winning the war.
Norway: The relationship between Norway and Syria has traditionally been part of Norwegian involvement in the Middle East. In part, this has been done through peacekeeping operations, in particular the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO); partly through the role Norway has played in the Middle East peace process. Bilateral relations have been limited.
When Danish and Norwegian newspapers published caricature drawings of Prophet Muhammad in 2006, the countries’ embassies in Damascus were attacked by mobs and set on fire. Norway objected to the incident, which was regretted by Syrian authorities.
The war in Syria has changed the relationship between the two countries to some extent, and Norway has spoken – and participated in the work – to find a political solution to the conflict. Norway was among the countries that participated with military observers in the United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS), including its leader, Major General Robert Mood. Norway participates with soldiers in the multinational military campaign against the Islamic State (IS), through Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR). First, Norway declined to participate in the part of the OIR that was targeted at IS in Syria, limiting its efforts to Iraq. Then, in May 2016, the government decided that Norwegian forces should provide training, counseling and operational support to Syrian groups that fought IS, based in Jordan. This happened from the second half of 2016. From 2018, Norwegian participation in OIR is concentrated in Iraq.