Category Archives: Asia

For the complete list of nations in Asia, please visit thesciencetutor.org.

China Philosophy

The first names of authors found in Chinese literature belong to philosophers; nevertheless, the Chinese expression for philosophy, zhexue, is a neologism coined on Western languages. The Chinese term zi, which is found in many of the names of ancient Chinese thinkers, is generally rendered as “philosopher”, where it actually means “teacher”. The first schools… Read More »

China Modern Literature

The last fifty years are one of the most important periods of all Chinese literature, not so much for the value of the works or for the reputation of the authors, but for the revolutionary and innovative character that, in relation to the ancient, the new literature knew to have. This, in fact, saw the… Read More »

China Literature in the 20th Century

The fall of the empire and the advent of the republic in 1912 were followed by a profound cultural upheaval, which was first called the Literary Revolution but which, after the student demonstration of May 4, 1919, ended up identifying itself with the May 4 Movement (wusi yundong). One of the main aspects of the… Read More »

China Literature in the 1970’s and 1980’s

Since the mid-1970s, Chinese literature has taken a particularly interesting turn. With the removal from the leadership and the condemnation of the so-called “ gang of four ” (1976), new trends begin to appear, always experimental, but no longer necessarily linked to the model of socialist realism. Among the first is Liu Xin-wu, author of… Read More »

China Literature From the Origins to the Qing Dynasty

According to computerminus, the first document of certain literary value is the Shijing (“Book of Odes”), whose oldest compositions seem to date back to the beginning of the 1st millennium BC. The Book of Odes includes 305 compositions and is divided into 3 parts (Feng, Ya, Song), which are in turn divided into other minor… Read More »

China Literature and Arts

According to carswers, the literature of popular China is still inspired by the principles established at the Yenan Conference of 1942 when it was established that “writers must write for the people… they must serve the four social classes (workers, peasants, soldiers, petty bourgeois), writing about their life and their struggles; expressing their thoughts and… Read More »

China Literature

According to cancermatters, the most recent theories challenge the concept of Chinese literature by redefining it in linguistic-cultural rather than national terms: the boundaries of analysis are wider and vague and fade into the concept of ‘synophonic literature’, developed by Shu-mei Shih (2007, p. 4) in a centrifugal sense, including only phenomena of a marginal… Read More »

China Language and Music

LANGUAGE It is customary to distinguish the Chinese language into ‘spoken’ and ‘written’. The spoken Chinese language (Hanyu), used by 97% of the population and distinct from the languages ​​of the 54 recognized national minorities, is classified into 7 main dialect groups, among which the Northern dialect group (beifanghua) formed the basis of the language… Read More »

China Industry and Transportation

Industry. – Since 1949, Chinese economic policy has favored the secondary sector in terms of investments, with the consequence that the value of industrial production grew between 1949 and 1978 by 38.3% (with a peak of 90.6% in the heavy industry), while agriculture only by 2.4%. But beyond the valid successes achieved in the industrial exploitation… Read More »

China in the 1960’s and 1970’s Part III

Also in 1969, China Popolare detonates its first atomic bomb, while stating that it will never be the first to use this weapon. It is a great achievement of Chinese science and industry, which, the following year, will be able to put the first Chinese artificial satellite into orbit. Chinese foreign policy has some interesting… Read More »

China in the 1960’s and 1970’s Part II

In 1965 an article of criticism of a contemporary historical drama brought to the theatrical stage gave rise to a great movement that would have involved the whole of China in violent clashes for a few years. What was called the “great proletarian cultural revolution” began. On the walls of the buildings appear the first… Read More »

China in the 1960’s and 1970’s Part I

According to youremailverifier, the period that begins in 1960 has been defined as one of the most difficult that the People’s Republic of China has gone through. It was precisely in that year, in fact, that the Soviet Union, until then an ally of China, suddenly withdrew, after a harsh verbal attack by Khrushchev, all… Read More »

China in 1999

According to themotorcyclers, the definition of the territory under Chinese sovereignty continues to be one of the points to which the government pays the most attention. The most significant recent event in this regard was the return of Hong Kong (1997), which was assured, for more 50 years, one status specific, preserving the acquired socio-economic structure. Hong… Read More »

China in the 1930’s

According to relationshipsplus, Chang Kai-shek has tenaciously continued, under the aegis of the Kuomintang, his work of unification and reconstruction. According to Whang Ching Wei, former head of the executive, China still suffers “from general weakness, in the internal situation and in its capacity for development, from heart weakness, due to the lack of political… Read More »

China Geopolitics

The People’s Republic of China (PRC), founded in 1949 by the Communist Party of China (CPC) which has led it since then, is one of the major powers internationally. The ideology of the CPC is socialist, but with ‘Chinese characteristics’ and among the guidelines appear not only the fundamental texts of Marxism-Leninism, but also the… Read More »

Libya Geography and Population

Libya is a State of North Africa, bordering to the West with Tunisia and Algeria, to the South with Niger and Chad, to the SE with the Republic of Sudan, to the East with Egypt ; to the N it overlooks the Mediterranean with a coastline of 1770 km. Physical characteristics The Libyan territory is… Read More »

Indonesia Encyclopedia for Children

Indonesia The largest archipelago on Earth The fourth largest country in the world by population, Indonesia, an ignored giant, occupies an exceptional geographical position, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. A very rich land, harshly exploited as a colony and today in some overpopulated areas, which is trying to improve the conditions of its residents,… Read More »

Turkey Flora and Fauna

Flora and vegetation. – European Turkey must be distinguished from Asian Turkey. In the first, the flora and vegetation are part of the Balkan domain and for this reason we refer to the Salcanic entry, region. As regards the Asian part, four regions can be distinguished: 1. coastal region; 2. region of the spots; 3.… Read More »

India Economic and Financial Policy in the 1990’s

As far as economic policy changes are concerned, the 1990s were far more significant for India than the previous four decades. These transformations are best appreciated when viewed in relation to the behavior of the Indian economy and related economic policy in the period preceding the last decade. For about 35 years after 1947, Indian… Read More »

Cyprus Geopolitics

Cyprus still represents today the emblem of a disputed territory within the European continent. Due to its peculiar position, Cyprus historically represents the crossroads between the Middle East and Europe. A former colonial possession of the British Empire, Cyprus became independent in 1960, following the signing of the Treaty of Zurich and London. The treaty,… Read More »

Travel to Beautiful Cities in Myanmar

Here you will find study trips and round trips through the metropolises of the country Myanmar Yangon (Yangon) As part of a group tour, visit Yangon, the former capital of Myanmar (Burma) and the country’s most important seaport. The most famous attraction in Yangon is the Shwedagon Pagoda, the symbol of Myanmar. Also worth seeing… Read More »

Travel to Cities Worth Seeing in Israel

Here you will find study trips and round trips through the metropolises of the Land of Israel Jerusalem Be sure to visit Jerusalem on a study tour, one of the oldest cities in the world, capital of the State of Israel and holy city for Christians, Jews and Muslims. Let yourself be drawn to Jerusalem’s… Read More »

Yemen History

According to topschoolsintheusa, Yemen is one of the oldest centers of civilization in the Middle East. Its land, relatively fertile in some valleys, and its humid climate allowed the development of a stable population. Its nomadic residents were dedicated throughout ancient times to grazing and raising birds. The Greek geographer Claudius Ptolemy referred to Yemen in his… Read More »

Sri Lanka Early History

The early settlement The oldest part of the population on the island (old name in Sanskrit and Pali: Lanka, ancient Greek name: Taprobane) is represented by the Wedda. In prehistoric times, members of a presumably pre-Ravidian arable population immigrated from southern India over the Adam’s Bridge. Around the middle of the 1st millennium BC, according… Read More »

Syria Arts and Music

CULTURE: ARCHEOLOGY AND ART According to Softwareleverage, ancient Syria was the meeting point of all the historical-artistic processes of the vast region between the Nile and the Euphrates. Its most ancient artistic manifestations, represented by the constructions of Ugarit and by the cave drawings of Demir Kapu, date back to the fifth millennium BC. The… Read More »

Tibet History

The mythological origin of the monarchy lay in the Tsangpo valley, where the first legendary king Nyatri Tsenpo was in 127 BC. Supposed to have founded the Yarlung dynasty, which existed until around 842 AD. Under their 33rd King Srongtsan Gampo (around 629–649), Tibet quickly became the dominant power in Central Asia; it extended from… Read More »

Qatar Geography

For a long time English protectorate, which became independent in 1971, on the basis of the provisional constitution promulgated in 1970, Qatar is a hereditary monarchy, which attributes to the sovereign (emir) head of state and government, almost absolute powers. The Fundamental Charter, definitively approved in 2004, establishes that the Advisory Council be composed of… Read More »

Vietnam History after World War II

At the time of the fall of Japan in 1945, the Vietnamese Communists at the head of the Vietminh League managed to seize power throughout the country, to obtain the abdication in their hands of the Vietnamese ruler and to establish the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam presided over on September 2. from Hô Chi… Read More »

Cyprus History Timeline

According to computergees, Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean 50 km south of Turkey. Internationally, the Republic of Cyprus is recognized as the rightful government of the whole island, but it controls only the southern two thirds of the island. In ancient times, the natives called Cyprus Alashiya. In Mari, a large city on… Read More »