Geography of Burlington County, New Jersey

By | March 15, 2024

Geography of Burlington County, New Jersey

Burlington County, located in the southwestern part of New Jersey, is a diverse and vibrant region with a rich history and varied geography. Encompassing an area of approximately 819 square miles, Burlington County is the largest county in New Jersey by land area. Its geography includes fertile farmland, dense forests, winding rivers, and picturesque lakes. Let’s explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other aspects that define Burlington County.┬áCheck foodezine to learn more about the state of New Jersey.


Burlington County’s topography is relatively flat overall, with gently rolling hills and low-lying plains. The county is situated in the Coastal Plain region of New Jersey, characterized by its sandy soils and fertile farmland. The landscape is predominantly rural, with vast expanses of agricultural land interspersed with pockets of woodland and developed areas.

In the northern part of the county, the terrain becomes slightly more rugged as it transitions into the Piedmont region, characterized by rolling hills and rocky outcroppings. The highest point in Burlington County, located in the northern part of the county near the border with Mercer County, reaches an elevation of approximately 180 feet above sea level.

The southern part of Burlington County is dominated by the Pine Barrens, a unique ecosystem of pine forests, sandy soil, and wetlands. The Pine Barrens cover a significant portion of the county’s land area and are home to a diverse array of plant and animal species, including the iconic pitch pine and the endangered Pine Barrens tree frog.


Burlington County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and cold, snowy winters. Summers are typically warm to hot, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-80s to the low 90s Fahrenheit. However, temperatures can occasionally exceed 100 degrees during periods of intense heat. Humidity levels are generally higher during the summer months, but coastal breezes provide some relief from the heat.

Winters in Burlington County are cold and snowy, with average low temperatures dropping below freezing from December to February. Snowfall is common during the winter months, with average accumulations ranging from several inches to over a foot in some areas. Winter storms, including nor’easters and coastal storms, can bring heavy snowfall, strong winds, and icy conditions.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons characterized by mild temperatures and variable weather conditions. Spring brings the awakening of nature, with blooming flowers and the return of migratory birds. Fall is a time of vibrant colors as the leaves of deciduous trees change hues before winter sets in.

Rivers and Lakes:

Burlington County is intersected by several rivers, lakes, and streams, which play a vital role in the region’s ecosystem and economy. The most significant river in the county is the Delaware River, which forms the western boundary of the county and serves as a major transportation corridor and source of water for irrigation, industry, and recreation. The Delaware River provides habitat for a variety of fish species, including striped bass, shad, and American eel, and supports a thriving recreational fishing industry.

In addition to the Delaware River, Burlington County is also home to several other rivers and streams, including the Rancocas Creek, the Assiscunk Creek, and the Crosswicks Creek. These waterways provide important habitat for native fish and wildlife species and offer opportunities for fishing, boating, and kayaking.

Burlington County is also dotted with numerous lakes and ponds, which add to the region’s natural beauty and recreational opportunities. Some of the most notable lakes in the county include Lake Pine, Lake Lenape, and Mirror Lake. These lakes provide habitat for a variety of fish species, including largemouth bass, bluegill, and catfish, and offer opportunities for swimming, boating, and picnicking.

Forests and Wildlife:

Burlington County is home to extensive forests, which cover a significant portion of its land area. The county’s forests are predominantly composed of oak, hickory, maple, and pine trees, as well as a variety of shrubs and understory vegetation. These forests provide habitat for a diverse array of wildlife, including white-tailed deer, wild turkey, red fox, and numerous bird species.

The Pine Barrens, located in the southern part of Burlington County, are a unique and ecologically important ecosystem. This vast wilderness area is home to a variety of plant and animal species adapted to its sandy soil and dry conditions, including the endangered Pine Barrens tree frog, the Pine Barrens tree snake, and the rare Pine Barrens gentian. The Pine Barrens also provide important habitat for migratory birds and serve as a natural filter for groundwater recharge.


In conclusion, Burlington County, New Jersey, is a region of diverse landscapes, from fertile farmland and rolling hills to dense forests and pristine lakes. With its rich natural resources, abundant wildlife, and favorable climate, Burlington County offers a wealth of recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. Whether exploring the winding rivers, hiking through the Pine Barrens, or fishing in one of the county’s many lakes, Burlington County is a place where nature thrives and outdoor adventures await.