Burundi: Political System
Burundi is a presidential republic. The bicameral parliament consists of the
National Assembly, which consists of 118 members, 100 of whom were elected and
18 co-opted to achieve the quota (60% Hutu, 40% Tutsi, 3% Twa; 30%
women). Furthermore, the parliament consists of the Senate with 49 members, 34
of whom are indirectly elected and three are appointed by the TWA. In addition,
four former presidents and eight co-opted to achieve the quota take part in the
Senate. The head of state is directly elected every five years.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
République du Burundi
Republic of Burundi
Burundi bwacu (Beloved Burundi) has been the national anthem
of Burundi since 1962. The text was written by a team of authors led by the then
President Jean-Baptiste Ntahokaja, the music was composed by Marc Barengayabo.
|Burundi Bwâcu, Burundi buhire,
Shinga icúmu mu mashinga,
Gaba intahe y'úbugabo ku bugingo.
Uhagurukana, uhagurukana, uhagurukana, ubugabo urîkukira.Komerwamashyí
Habwa impundu nâbâwe,
Isamírane mu mashinga, isamírane mu mashinga.Burundi bwâcu, rági
Ramutswa intahe n'íbihúgu,
Ufatanije ishyaka n'ubú hizi;
Vuza impundu wiganzuye uwakúganza uwakúganza.Burundi bwâcu, nkóramútima
Tugutuye amabóko, umítima n'úbuzima,
Imâna yakúduhaye ikudútungire.
Horana umwami n'ábagabo n'ítekane.
Sagwa n'úrweze, sagwa n'ámahóro mezá.
|Cher Burundi, ô doux pays,
Prends place dans le concert des nations.
En tout bien, tout honneur, accédé à l'indépendance.
Mutilé et meutri, do it demeuré maître de toi-même.
L'heure venue, t'es levé
Et fièrement t'es hissé au rang des peuples libres.
Reçois donc le compliment des nations,
Agrée l'hommage de tes enfants.
Qu'à travers l'univers retentisse ton nom.Cher Burundi, héritage sacré
de nos aïeux,
Reconnu digne de te gouverner
Au courage tu allies le sentiment de l'honneur.
Chante la gloire de ta liberté reconquise.Cher Burundi, digne objet de
notre plus tendre armor,
A ton noble service nous vouons nos bras, nos cœurs et nos vies.
Veuille Dieu, qui nous a fait don de toi, te conserver à notre
Sous l'egide de l'Unité,
Dans la paix, la joie et la prospérité.
|Beloved Burundi, you beautiful country,
Take your place among the nations,
In good, in honor of independence.
Damaged and killed, you have now become the master of yourself.
The hour has come, you have risen,
and you have bravely joined the free peoples.
Now accept the praise of the nations,
And let your children praise you too,
That your name may resound through the entire universe.Beloved Burundi,
sacred inheritance of our ancestors, Considered
worthy to rule yourself,
To courage you add the feeling of honor,
Sing the song of regained freedom.Dear Burundi, worthy object of our
most tender love,
We dedicate our arms, hearts and lives to the noble service to you.May
God give you, who gave you to us, that you may remain in our worship,
Under the banner of unity,
In peace, happiness and prosperity.
The national flag (national flag) of Burundi was officially introduced on
June 28, 1967, the proportions of the flag were changed from 2: 3 to 3: 5 on
September 27, 1982. Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the colors of the flag are interpreted as follows:
- Red stands for the victims in the struggle for independence
- White symbolizes peace
- Green stands for progress and hope
The three six-pointed stars stand for the motto Unité Travail Progrès (unity,
work, progress) but are also seen as a reference to three ethnic groups in the
country, the Tutsi, the Hutu and the Twa.
General preliminary remark
Burundi used to have a rich flora and fauna. However, the habitat of many animal
and plant species has been destroyed by the heavy deforestation and dense
settlement of the country. Between 1990 and 2010 the country lost around 40% of
its forest area. Not least because Burundi with nearly 12 million residents
one of the most densely populated countries in Africa belongs
National parks such as Kibira and Ruvubu are retreats for chimpanzees, colobus
monkeys and monkeys.
On a safari through the savannahs you can watch zebras, antelopes,
buffalo, warthogs, baboons, lions, leopards, crocodiles and, above all,
You can also find zebras, buffalos, warthogs, baboons, hyenas and
antelopes in the country.
The mountain gorillas up to 2 m tall and 200 kg heavy live in the mountain
A temperate climate had created a rich flora and fauna in Burundi.
Unfortunately, there are only remnants of forest in Burundi, as large parts
of the forest have been cut down for timber production and agricultural
use. Between 1990 and 2010 the country lost around 40% of its forest area.
Rainforest can only be found at high altitudes. In the lower-lying areas you
can find dry savannahs and in the west rise the edge of the Central African
Rift, which is up to 2,700 high and forms the watershed between the Nile in the
east and the Congo in the west.
The trees here are mainly eucalyptus, acacia and oil palms.
The crops include tropical cereals, such as millet and maize in particular -
but wheat is also grown.
In addition, potatoes, rice and various vegetables.
The local tropical fruits include avocado and the "jack fruit" and bananas
are particularly important. Coffee, tea and cotton are also grown - mainly for