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Haiti

Haiti: Political System

Haiti is a parliamentary presidential republic. At the head of the state is a president. The parliament is a bicameral system. It consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the Assemblee Nationale.

Haiti: Political System

In the 20th century, Haiti experienced a chain of coups, revolts and military coups. The United States intervened frequently and simply occupied Haiti from 1915 to 1934. From 1957 the dictator Francois Duvalier (called Papa Doc) exploited the country and established a reign of terror in his 14-year term until 1971, which his son (called Baby Doc) continued until 1986. On December 16, 1990, the priest Jean-Bertrande Aristide won the election, however, was forced into exile by a military coup. The USA then imposed a blockade on Haiti, forcing Aristide to return in October 1994. He ruled the country until 1996 and then again from 2000 to 2004. From February 7, 1996 to February 7, 2001 René Garcia Préval took over the office of president. After Aristide had won the 2004 elections with a majority of 90%, there were international allegations of election manipulation and uprisings in their own country. Aristide then went into exile in France, but still claims to be the rightful President of Haiti to this day. Under the protection of the UN stabilization force MINUSTAH. The Haitians elected a new parliament and president in February 2006. René Garcia Préval won the election with over 50% of the vote; he has been the incumbent president since May 14, 2006.

According to Digopaul.com, the official name of the country is:

Republic of Haiti

République d'Haïti/Repiblik Dayiti

National anthem

The national anthem of a country is a piece of music that is usually underlaid with a text and is intended to express the state, lifestyle and national feeling of a country. It is played on particularly festive occasions, e.g. B. at state visits, on special holidays or to honor politicians, business leaders, etc. The national anthem of the respective winning country is also performed at the award ceremony on the occasion of international sporting events such as the Olympic Games, the Tour de France or World and European Championships. In most European countries, the national anthems and flags were introduced in the late 18th and early 19th centuries after they achieved independence.

Based on flag descriptions by Countryaah.com, the national anthem of Haiti was written by Justin Lhérisson and set to music by Nicolas Geffrard. It became the country's official anthem in 1904.

Haiti flag and coat of arms

In French

Pour le Pays, pour la Patrie,

Marchons unis, marchons unis.

Dans nos rangs point de traîtres!

You sol soyons seuls maîtres.

Pour le Pays, pour la Patrie

Marchons unis, marchons unis.

Marchons, marchons, marchons unis,

Pour le Pays, pour la Patrie.

Pour les Aïeux, pour la Patrie

Béchons joyeux, béchons joyeux

Quand le champ fructifie

L'âme se fortifie

Béchons joyeux, béchons joyeux

Pour les Aïeux, pour la Patrie

Béchons, béchons, béchons joyeux

Pour les Aïeux, pour la Patrie

Pour le Pays et pour nos Pères

Formons des Fils, formons des Fils

Toujours nous serons frères

Formons des Fils, formons des Fils

Pour le Pays et pour nos Pères

Formons, formons, formons des Fils

Pour le Pays et pour nos Pères

Pour les Aïeux, pour la Patrie

O Dieu des Preux, O Dieu des Preux!

Sous ta garde infinie

Prends nos droits, notre vie

O Dieu des Preux, O Dieu des Preux!

Pour les Aïeux, pour la Patrie

O Dieu, O Dieu, O Dieu des Preux

Pour les Aïeux, pour la Patrie.

Pour le Drapeau, pour la Patrie

Mourir est beau, mourir est beau!

Notre passé nous crie:

Ayez l'âme aguerrie!

Mourir est beau, mourir est beau

Pour le Drapeau, pour la Patrie

Mourir, mourir, mourir est beau

Pour le Drapeau, pour la Patrie.

And in the English translation

For the country, for the fatherland,

let's march together,

let's march together.

No traitors in our ranks!

We alone are masters of our soil.

For the country, for the fatherland,

let's march together,

let's march together.

We march, march, march united

For the country, for the fatherland.

For our ancestors, for the fatherland,

let's happily cultivate the soil.

When the field bears

fruit, the soul is strengthened.

For the land and for our fathers,

let us raise sons,

free, strong and prosperous.

We will always be brothers.

For our ancestors, for the fatherland,

O God of the brave,

Under your infinite protection,

take our rights and our lives. It is good to die

for the flag, for the fatherland

!

Our past calls to us: have

a courageous soul!

 

Haiti: People I know

Musician and writer

Aubelin Jolicoeur (1924-2004)

journalist and columnist.

Nelust Wyclef Jean (born 1972)

musician and producer. He lives and works in the USA. He became known through the trio The Fugees, who had their breakthrough in 1996 with their second album The Score. Danacvh he dedicated himself to his solo career as well as producing, remixing, covering and writing songs and worked with various artists.

Actors and directors

Ménothy Cesar (born 1983)

actor. In 2005 he received the Marcello Mastroianni Prize for the best young actor in the film "Legba" at the Venice Film Festival. However, he could not receive it personally because he did not receive an exit visa.

Raoul Peck (born 1953)

Director and screenwriter. He shot, among others, "Haitian Corner", "Lumumba - Death of the Prophet" and "The Man on the Quai". Peck was a member of the international jury of the Berlinale 2002.

Politicians and rulers

Jean-Jacques Dessalines (around 1760-1806)

leader of the liberation movement and founder of the state. He was crowned Emperor Jacques I of Haiti on October 8, 1804.

Fausti Soulouque (1782-1867)

politician. He was crowned Emperor Faustin I of Haiti in 1852.

Jean-Bertrand Aristide (born 1953)

former Catholic priest and President. Aristide served as President of Haiti from 1990 to 1991 when he was ousted by a coup and after the US reinstatement in 1994. 2001 to 2004 he was again President of the country.

François Duvalier (1907-1971)

dictator of Haiti from 1957 until his death.

Jean-Claude Duvalier (born 1951)

Son of Francois Duvalier and also dictator of Haiti from 1971 to 1986.

René Garcia Préval (born 1943), President from 1996 to 2001 and again since February 2006.

Gérard Latortue (born 1934), Prime Minister of Haiti since 2004.

Yvon Neptune (born 1946), Prime Minister of Haiti from 2002 to 2004.

 

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