Bhutan: Political System
Bhutan is a kingdom. From 1972 to 2006 the 4th King Jigme Singye Wangchuck
(born 1955) rules. On December 9, 2006, his son Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
(born 1980) took over the royal dignity as the fifth king of the Wangchuk
dynasty - which has ruled the country since 1907 . The National
Assembly (Tshogdu) has 150 members, 105 of whom are elected representatives, ten
representatives of the religious communities and 35 representatives appointed by
the king. The legislative period lasts three years.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
The national anthem of a country is usually a piece of music underlaid with a
text, which is intended to express the state, attitude to life or national
feeling of a country. It is mostly played on particularly festive occasions,
such as state visits, special holidays or to honor politicians, business
leaders, etc. National anthem of the respective winning country for performance.
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the national anthem of Bhutan was written by Gyaldun Dasho Thinley
Dorji and set to music by Aku Tongmi. It became the
country's official anthem in 1953.
In Dzongkha, but with Latin letters, it reads:
|Druk tsendhen (The Kingdom of
Thunder Dragons) Druk tsendhen koipi gyelkhap na
Loog ye ki tenpa chongwai gyon
Pel mewang ngadhak rinpo chhe
Ku jurmey tenching chhap tsid pel
Chho sangye ten pa goong dho gyel
Bang che kyed ny goong dho gyel Bang che kyed ny.
In English it is
|In the Thunder Dragon Kingdom
Adorned with sandalwood
The protector who guards
The teaching of the dual system
He, the precious and glorious ruler
Causes dominion to spread
While his unchanging person abides
As the doctrine of the Lord Buddha flourishes
May the sun of peace and happiness
Shine on the people
And in the English translation
|In the Kingdom of Thunder Dragons
Decorated with Sandalwood
The Protector who guards the teaching of the dual system
He, the esteemed and glorious Leader,
destined to spread dominion
While his immutable person remains
As the teaching of the Great Buddha blossoms
May the sun bloom of peace and happiness
shine over the people
Bhutan: Known People
Politicians and rulers
- Ugyen Wangchuk (1861-1926)
From 1907 to 1926 Ugyen Wangchuk was the first king (= Druk Gyalpo) of
Bhutan. Even under his rule, the gradual reform process that Bhutan so
- Jigme Wangchuk (1906-1952)
was King of Bhutan from 1926-1952.
- Jigme Dorje Wangchuck (1929-1972)
This king succeeded his father Jigme Wangchuck in 1952 as the Druk Gyalpo of
Bhutan. The time of his kingship is considered to be the time of the
modernization of Bhutan: He had the parliament (Tshogdu) created, the free
school system introduced, Bhutan became a member of the UN and his country's
infrastructure was improved.
- Jigme Singye Wangchuck (born 1955)
Jigme Singye, born in Thimphu in 1955, is the only legitimate son of King
Jigme Dorje Wangchuck and Queen Ashi Kesang Choden. From 1972 to 2006 he was
King (= Druk Gyalpo) of Bhutan. Incidentally, he is the father of the
current King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck.
- Crown Prince Dasho Jigme Khesar Nemgyel Wangchuk
is the son of the current king.
- Lamas Shabdung Ngawang Namgyal (in the 17th century)
was the unified Bhutan from Tibet.
- Lyonchhen Jigme Yoser Thinley (born 1952)
Lyonchhen Jigme Yoser Thinley has held the office of Prime Minister of
Bhutan since 2008. But he also worked in this role for his country in
1998/1999 and 2003/2004.
Writer and poet
- Gyaldun Dasho Thinley Dorji (1914-1966)
wrote the Bhutanese national anthem.
- Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche (born 1961)
The Lama of Bhutan, also known as Khyentse Norbu, is also active as a
filmmaker and writer. His two main cinematic works were The Cup (1999) and
Travelers and Magicians (2003).
- Tshering Chhoden (born 1980)
Theologians and philosophers
The Je Khempo is the religious head of Bhutan. Missionary
Padmasambhava ("The Lotus Born") brought tantric Buddhism to Bhutan in
the 8th century, which still shapes the cultural and political life of the
country as the state religion.