Cambodia: Political System
Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy. According to the constitution, the
king has no power, but in reality he is still very influential.
The legislative power is based on a two-chamber system. The National Assembly
with 123 deputies is elected by the people every five years. There is also a
Senate with 61 members, some of whom are appointed by the King and the National
Assembly and some of whom are also elected. The voting age is 18 years.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
The country is made up of 24 provinces.
The national anthem of a country is usually a piece of music underlaid with a
text, which is intended to express the state, attitude to life or national
feeling of a country. It is mostly played on particularly festive occasions,
such as state visits, special holidays or to honor politicians, business
leaders, etc. National anthem of the respective winning country for performance.
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the national anthem of Cambodia is "Nokoreach, Royal Kingdom".
The music is based on a folk song, the lyrics are by Chuon Nat from 1941.
|Som pouk tepda rak sa moha khsath yeung
Oy ben roung roeung doy chey Monkol srey soursdey
Yeung Khnom preah ang som chrok Krom molup preah Baromey
Ney preah Noropdey vong Khsattra del sang preah sat THMR
Kroup Kraung Khmer Borann thkoeung thkann.
Prasath séla kombang kan dal prey
Kuor oy srmay noeuk dl yuos sak Moha Nokor
Cheat Khmer dauch Thmar kong vong ny lar rung peung chom hor.
Yeung sang Khim por pheap preng samnang robuos Kampuchea.
Moha rth koeut mien you ang veanh hey.Kroup vath aram lu tè so sap
Sot doy am no rom lik koun poth sasna
Chol yeung chea neak thioeur thiak smos smak tam bep donnta
Kong tè thévoda nùng chuoy chrom chrèng phkot phkang pra yoch oy
Dol prateah Khmer chea Moha Nokor
|Heaven protects our King
And gives him happiness and glory
To reign over our souls and our destinies,
The one being, heir of the Sovereign builders,
Guiding the proud old Kingdom.Temples are asleep in the forest,
remembering the splendor of Moha Nokor.
Like a rock the Khamer race is eternal.
Let us trust in the fate of Campuchea,
The empire which challenges the ages.Songs rise up from the pagodas
To the glory of holy buddhistic faith.
Let us be faithful to our ancestors' belief.
Thus heaven will lavish its bounty
Towards the ancient Khmer country, the Moha Nokor.
And in the English translation:
|May heaven protect our king
and give him happiness and glory
to rule over our souls and destinies.
The only heir to the lordly builder
ruled the proud old kingdom.Temples are hidden asleep in the forest,
reminiscent of the splendor of Moha Nokor,
like a stone the Khmer people are eternal.
Let us trust in the fate of Campuchea,
the realm that will challenge the years.Songs rise from the pagodas
to honor the sacred Buddhist faith.
Let us honor the faith of our ancestors.
So heaven will show itself generously
towards the ancient land of the Khmer, the Moha Nokor.
Cambodia: Known People
Politicians and rulers
- Pol Pot, May 19, 1928 - April 15, 1998
The former Buddhist monk later became the leader of the Khmer Rouge. He
represented the ideology of a purely peasant state. Under the reign of
terror of his guerrilla organization, incredible suffering was brought to
the country. Pol Pot had around 2 million people, mostly the educated,
killed. With the result that there were hardly any doctors, teachers or
engineers in the country and still do not exist.
- King Norodom Sihanouk
The king, born on October 31, 1922, had been in office since March 1953 with
Writer and poet
Chuon Nat In
1941 he composed the national anthem Nokoreach.
The vegetation of Cambodia can be divided into individual regions. Evergreen
mountain forest grows at heights above 700 m, and below 700 m there is the
tropical rainforest with palm trees and lianas. Mahogany and noble trees that
reach 30 m high grow in the central lowlands. Pine forests can only be seen
growing in the Kirirom National Park.
Many of the native trees are now threatened with extinction. These include
the blackwood tree, the Burmese ebony tree and the Siamese rosewood tree.
The teak tree can only be found on plantations today.
The coast of Cambodia is lined with mangrove forests, other common trees are
kapok trees. The latter grow up to 70 m high and are characterized by fold-like
roots at the foot of the tree. The German name is the "Wollbaum", in English it
is known as the "Silk cotton tree". This is because there are cotton-like hairs
in the fruit capsules that can be used to stuff mattresses.
The steam tree is a type of poplar with a trunk diameter of around 10 m and
is considered sacred because the tree is consecrated to Buddha.
On the high plains and plateaus you will find mainly savannah landscapes with
Bougainvilleas bloom in a variety of colors across the country.
The frangipani, which can often be found in front of temples in Asia,
is considered sacred. It is a plant that is also widespread in Central
America. They come in the form of large bushes or small trees. It belongs to the
dog poison family and stands out for its pink-white and intensely fragrant
flowers. Their very long (up to 30 cm), pointed and dark green leaves are also
striking. In all of Asia, the Frangipani is considered a temple or sacrificial
plant and is a symbol of immortality.
Coffee, tea and pepper plantations were established during the colonial
One of the most common crops is rice, which is mainly grown on flooded fields
in the lowlands. Maize, fruit and vegetables are grown on this level. Rubber and
cotton plantations are also found in the lowlands.
From bamboo, which grows almost everywhere, and from palm trees, many things
such as cradles, work and household appliances, mats and coffins are
made in Cambodia.
Coconut and sugar palms are widespread, and sugary juice is drawn from their
In addition to its religious significance in Buddhism, the lotus flower,
which grows in large ponds and flooded fields, also has a useful one, because
its seeds taste like peas, are high in protein and are sold in markets.
The fennel seeds of the spiced fennel have an antispasmodic and calming
effect. In addition to Cambodia, stink thistle
is also grown in Cuba, Liberia, Brazil and Thailand. It belongs to the
umbelliferae family and the leaves of the plant are used not only as a spice and
vegetable, but also in medicine. The taste is similar to that of coriander
Caution is advised with the frangipani, as it contains a toxic milky juice.
The sugar palm, which can be found everywhere in Cambodia, originally comes
from Indonesia. The stink thistle is increasingly grown in Cambodia, but
originally comes from South and Central America.
In the forests of Cambodia, tigers and leopards live alongside bears and
various species of monkeys.
The 3 m long and 200 kg heavy Indonesian tiger can be found in the Cardamom
and Elephant Mountains. Some animals also live in the east of the country.
Just like the tiger, the Asian elephant can also be found in the Cardamom and
One of the two species of bears is the Malay sun bear, which is one of the
smallest bears in the world. The bear is only 100-140 cm long and 70 cm tall and
has black fur with yellowish markings on the chest.
Very little is known about its way of life, but it is known that it is a
nocturnal animal that is not picky about its food choices.
It is omnivorous and feeds on berries and fruits as well as insects and
The little bear can be found in almost all of Southeast Asia, but its habitat is
becoming smaller and smaller, which makes the bear extremely endangered.
The other species of bear found in Cambodia is the Asiatic black bear.
In clearings you come across grazing Gaure, Bantengs, wild water buffalo and
in the mountains very rarely on Seraus. The latter are about 90 cm high,
gray-black mountain goats with a thick mane, which live in the mountains at
heights of up to 2700 m.
But there are also deer, otters, anteaters and martens in Cambodia.
Very rarely and almost exclusively in Cambodia is the kouprey, a wild cattle
that is one of the most endangered animal species in the world. It was only
discovered in 1937 and has been Cambodia's national animal since 1963. The brown
deer has also become endemic, as it has become extinct over time in all of
Southeast Asia, its former area of distribution.
The Sumatran rhinoceros is very endangered. It is the smallest of the three
Monitor lizards up to 2 m tall are not uncommon in Cambodia, and crocodiles
such as the estuarine crocodile also live in large rivers in Rattanakiri.
The estuarine crocodile is the largest living crocodile, with the longest
animal ever measured being 6.2 m long. Its distribution area includes the coasts
of Thailand, Sri Lanka, East India, Burma as well as Australia,
the Philippines, New Guinea, the Bismarck Islands and the Solomon
Islands. This crocodile has been protected since the late 1970s.
Turtles are also found, both on land and in water.
The largest of all venomous snakes, the king cobra, lives in Cambodia. There
are also kraits here.
Numerous birds such as pelicans and cormorants live on the coast. Pheasants
are also not uncommon in this country.
About 50-100 animals of the very rare Irrawaddy dolphin live in the Mekong in
deep water basins and flooded forests. Unfortunately, these particular animals
are threatened by illegal dynamite fishermen.
To date, around 850 different species of fish have been counted
in Cambodia's lakes and rivers. These include the 3 m long and 300 kg heavy
Mekong giant catfish, probably the largest freshwater fish in the world. The
locals call it "giant fish" or "king fish". The toothless vegetarian is
completely overfished and is now critically endangered.