Central African Republic
Central African Republic: Political System
The Central African Republic is a presidential republic. The unicameral
parliament, the National Assembly, consists of 85 members newly elected every
five years. The direct election of the head of state takes place every six
About 50% of the country's population are illiterate and the median life
expectancy is around 39 years. According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
Central African Republic
La Renaissance has been the official national anthem of the
Central African Republic since 1960. Barthélémy Boganda, the first President of
the Republic, wrote the text. The music comes from Herbert Pepper, who also
composed Senegal's hymn.
|It's in French
||In the English translation
|O Centrafrique, ô berceau des Bantous!
Reprends ton droit au respect, à la vie!
Longtemps soumis, longtemps brimé partous,
Mais de ce jour brisant la tyrannie.
Dans le travail, l'ordre et la dignité,
Tu reconquiers ton droit, ton unité,
Et pour franchir cette étape nouvelle,
De nos ancêtres la voix nous appelle.CHORUSAu travail dans l'ordre et la
Dans le respect du droit dans l'unité,
Brisant la misère et la tyrannie,
Brandissant l'étendard de la Patrie.
|Oh Central Africa, cradle of the Bantu!
Take your right to respect life!
Long oppressed and long humiliated,
but, from now on, break the grip of tyranny.
Through work, order and dignity
you will regain your rights, your unity,
and to take this new step
the voice of our ancestors calls us.REFRAINGet to work! In order and
In respect for justice and unity,
breaking poverty and tyranny, Holding
high the flag of the fatherland.
The national flag (country flag) of the Central African Republic was
introduced on December 1, 1958.
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, white, red and blue represent the flag of France, the former colonial power.
- Green symbolizes the people of the forest region
- Yellow symbolizes the residents of the savannah area
- The red stripe symbolizes the red blood of all people
- The golden five-pointed star symbolizes the independence of the country.
The colors green, yellow and red are also the colors of Pan-Africa.
Central African Republic: Known People
Jean-Bédel Bokassa (1921-1996)
Jean-Brédel Bokassa initially served as President of the Central African
Republic and a few years later until 1979 as Emperor of the Central African
Empire. Bokassa came to power through a coup against then President Dacko. He
immediately abolished the constitution, banned political parties and dissolved
France supported the despot, who was proclaimed president for life in 1972. In
1976, Bokassa declared the republic a monarchy and was proclaimed Emperor
Bokassa I of the Central African Empire.
The rule of Bokassa, who also believed himself to be the 13th apostle of Jesus,
was marked by torture, murder and oppression. He himself had lent a hand in the
torture and murder of children demonstrating. Former President David Dacko took
advantage of Bokassa's business trip and overthrew him. In absentia, the emperor
was convicted of his crimes.
At that time, however, His Highness was in exile in France at Hardricourt
François Bozizé (born 1946)
Bozizé has been President of the Central African Republic since 2003. He had
already made a career under Jean-Bédel Bokassa and fought for a long time
against Ange-Félix Patassé, against whom he also attempted a coup. In 2003
Bozizé was able to seize power. This was not legalized until 2005.
Élie Doté (born 1947)
Doté, the independent Prime Minister of the Central African Republic from 2005
to 2008, served under President François Bozizé.
Etienne Goyémidé (born 1942)
The novelist, poet and short story writer was best known for his work Le Silence
de la Forêt.
André Kolingba (1935-2010)
André Kolingba was born in Bangui in 1935 and served as President of the Central
African Republic from 1981 to 1993. His tenure began after the fall of David
Anicet Richard Lavodrama y Ondoma (born 1963)
The former basketball player from the Central African Republic was active
between 1985 and 1998 and during this time played mainly in Spain and for the
Central African national team.
Romain Guessagba Sato Lebel (born 1981)
The basketball player, born in 1981 in Bimbo, has been under contract with
Panathinaikos Athens since 2010.
Ange-Félix Patassé (1937-2011)
Patassé was President of the Central African Republic from 1993 to 2003. His
term of office was overshadowed by numerous coup attempts and revolts. During a
conference trip to Niger, he was deposed by Bozizé.
Nathalie Tauziat (born 1967)
The famous former French-African tennis player was born in 1967 in
Bangui. During her career she won eight singles and 25 doubles tournaments.
Central African Republic: animals
There are large areas in the Central African Republic that are still
relatively untouched. The largest and most intact rainforest belt on the
continent is located here.
The south of the country is overgrown with dense rainforest, which becomes
less dense in the north and then turns into a dry savannah. Almost half of the
world's animal and plant species are located here.
Local animals include the lowland gorillas, which are threatened with
extinction, as well as:
bongo antelopes, buffalo, elephants, sloths,
gazelles, cheetahs, lions, baboons, cheetahs, chimpanzees, colobus monkeys,
forest buffalo and forest elephants.
You can find numerous species of crocodiles and snakes, including the two
most poisonous snakes in Africa, the green and black mamba as well as the:
African spitting cobra
Egyptian sand rattle otter
Banded water cobra
Black and white cobra
West African crocodile
The West African crocodile (Crocodylus suchus) has become very rare. At first
glance, the animals differ little from the Nile crocodile. In contrast to the
Nile crocodile, they prefer waters in the dry interior of Africa, such as oases
in the Sahara with water. They feed mainly on fish and frogs, but occasionally
also on birds and small animals - but rarely on goats or sheep.
West African armored crocodile
The West African armored crocodile (Mecistops cataphractus) is an African
species of the real crocodiles (Crocodylidae) within the genus Mecistops. Until
2018, Mecistops cataphractus was the only species of the genus, due to
differences in DNA and other characteristics, it is now differentiated as the
West African armored crocodile from the Central African armored crocodile
(Mecistops leptorhynchus). The animals stand out with their strikingly narrow
and elongated snouts. They reach a length between 250 and in rare cases up to
about 400 cm. The animals live in rivers, lakes, swamps and freshwater lagoons
with dense bank vegetation. The back side is colored dark olive. Their diet
consists mainly of fish, mammals, birds, amphibians, water snails and reptiles.
Central African Republic: plants
Most of the Central African Republic consists of savannahs, which are dry
savannah in the north and desert in the northernmost tip. Grasses and a few
trees grow in the dry savannah. Since the precipitation increases towards the
south, you will find a moist savannah with a light forest here. There are
gallery forests along the rivers. The tropical rainforest in the southwest of
the country takes up about 8 percent of the country's area. Almost half of the
world's plant and animal species are in the country.