Eritrea: political system
Eritrea is a republic with a transitional parliament that officially has 150
members, but due to a series of arrests this number has decreased, the governing party is the PFDJ (People's Front for Democracy and Justice), a unity
party that covers all political, economic, social and dominated the country's
cultural life. Opposition is not allowed. In fact, Eritrea is a dictatorship.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
Ertra, Ertra, Ertra (Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea) has been the
national anthem of Eritrea since 1993. The lyrics were written by Solomon
Tsehaye Beraki, the music by Isaac Abraham Meharezgi and Aron Tekle Tesfatsion.
|Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea,
Her enemy decimated
And her sacrifices vindicated by liberation. Steadfast in her goal,
Eritrea, the pride of her oppressed people,
Proved that the truth prevails.CHORUS
Holds her rightful place in the world.
|Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea,
your enemy was pushed back,
the victims obtained liberation. Steadfast to the goal,
symbol of perseverance,
Eritrea, pride of your oppressed people,
convinced that the truth prevails. REFRAIN
holds its rightful place in the world.
The flag of Eritrea was officially introduced on May 24th, 1993. It had its
origin in the flag of the Eritrean Liberation Front (EPLF) founded in 1970.
Based on flag descriptions by
red stands for the blood spilled in the struggle for freedom, blue for the
wealth of the sea and green for agriculture and fertility. The olive wreath with
the olive branch symbolizes the UN globe to which Eritrea owes its political
Most of the animals can be found in the country's two national parks, such as
the Dahlak Marine National Park on the Red Sea with its 350 different species of
fish or the Semenawi Bahri National Park. Leopards, cheetahs and lions, spotted
hyenas, jackals, baboons and monkeys live here. There are also various species
of gazelle and antelope in the country, such as oryx as well as bushbuck and
Reptiles - without poisonous snakes
The Nile monitor, an ancient species of lizard, is also native
The rock python (Python sebae) is a non-poisonous strangler, but it is by no
means harmless. A detailed description can be found here >>>
The following venomous snakes live in Eritrea, which are described in more
detail in Goruma:
Egyptian cobra (uraeus snake)
Egyptian sand rattle otter
Boomslang, African tree snake
Ordinary puff adder
Nubian spitting cobra
Red spitting cobra, Naja pallida
Flamingos, herons and sea eagles live on the coast. Flamingos can also be
found on the salt lakes of the Danakil Desert. Saddle storks also live here. In
general, the bird life in Eritrea is colorful and diverse.
The Danakil Desert is extremely hostile to life in areas of the world and
extends as far as Ethiopia.
Unfortunately there are numerous mosquitos and flies here.
The country is rich in many butterfly species.
Various types of shark live in the corals, such as white tip and black tip
reef sharks or angel sharks. In addition, numerous species of fish swim around
here in the Red Sea. One of them is the clown fish. In addition, crabs, shrimps
and lobsters live here relatively undisturbed.
A large part of Eritrea is occupied by savannas and semi-deserts. Only plants
that have adapted to these living conditions can survive here, such as
succulents, acacias, aloes and myrrh. The north of Eritrea is more fertile than
the south, where there are almost only dry forests with yews, juniper bushes or
tamarisks. On the mountain slopes you can find grass and various
bushes. Conifers are hardly found any more, as they were mostly cut down to
produce firewood, among other things. Mangrove forests grow on the coasts.
The crops that are grown here include grain, cotton, corn, fruit and various