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Niger

Niger: Political System

The Republic of Niger is a presidential republic. The unicameral parliament consists of 83 members who are elected every 5 years. The head of state is the president, who is also directly elected every 5 years; re-election is possible once.

Niger: Political System

According to Digopaul.com, the official name of the country is:

République du Niger

Republic of Niger

National anthem

La Nigérienne has been the national anthem of Niger since 1961. Maurice Albert Thiriet wrote the text.

The music is by Robert Jacquet and Nicolas Abel François Frionnet.

In French In the English translation
Auprès du grand Niger puissant

Qui rend la nature plus belle,

Soyons fiers et reconnaissants

De notre liberté nouvelle.

Évitons les vaines querelles

Afin d'épargner notre sang;

Et que les glorieux accents

De notre race sans tutelle

S'élèvent dans un même élan

Jusqu'à ce ciel éblouissant

Où veille son âme éternelle

Qui fera le pays plus grand.refrain

Debout Niger: Debout!

Que notre œuvre féconde

Rajeunisse le cœur de ce vieux continent,

Et que ce chant s'entende aux quatre coins du monde

Comme le cri d'un Peuple équitable et vaillant!

Debout Niger: Debout!

Sur le sol et sur l'onde,

Au rythme des tamtams, dans leur son grandissant,

Restons unis, toujours, et que chacun réponde

À ce noble avenir qui nous dit: «En avant! »

Nous retrouvons dans nos enfants

Toutes les vertus des Ancêtres:

Pour lutter dans tous les instants

Elles sont notre raison d'être.

Nous affrontons le fauve traître

À peine armés le plus souvent,

Voulant subsister dignement

Sans detruire pour nous repaître.

Dans la steppe où chacun ressent

La soif, dans le Sahel brûlant,

Marchons, sans défaillance, en maîtres

Magnanimes et vigilants.

Along the great powerful Niger

that makes the landscape more beautiful,

Let us be proud and grateful for

our new freedom!

Let us avoid nonsensical arguments,

To save us bloodshed,

and may the glorious voices of

Our race be free from oppression!

Let us stand up in one leap

As high as the shining sky,

Where its immortal soul watches That

will make the land bigger!refrain

Up! Niger! Up!

May our fruitful works

renew the heart of this ancient continent!

And may the song be heard

In the four corners of the earth

As the call of a righteous and brave people!

Up! Niger! Up!

On the land and on the wave.

To the sounds of the drums

In their growing rhythms

Let us always remain united,

And may each one

follow Into this noble future

That tells us: Go forward!

We find in our children

all the virtues of the ancestors

To fight in every moment

They are our raison d'etre

We defy the treacherous beast

Mostly only weakly armed

We want to survive with dignity

Without destroying for our well-being

In the steppe, where everyone feels

the thirst in the burning Sahel

marches, without despair, as gentlemen

generous and vigilant

National flag

The national flag (national flag) of Niger was introduced on November 23, 1959. Based on flag descriptions by Countryaah.com, here, the Orange symbolizes the Sahara, green stands for hope and grassy plains in the south and west of the country, while White's innocence and purity of the nation is

the sun in the middle strip to the willingness of the people to sacrifice themselves in defense of his rights, symbolizes.

Niger flag and coat of arms

Niger: Known People

Amadou Boubacar Cissé (born 1948)

Cissé, born in Niamey in 1948, is a Nigerien politician who was Prime Minister of Niger from 1995 to 1997 (with a small interruption). From 2001 Cissé was Vice President of the Islamic Development Bank.

Salou Djibo (born 1960/1961)

The Niger officer became chairman of the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy (CSRD) after the 2010 coup, which made him de facto head of state in Niger.

Alfred Dogbé (born 1962)

Dogbé, a Nigerien novelist and playwright, works as a cultural journalist and director in addition to his literary work. In everything he does, Dogbé is considered an astute observer of social and political issues.

Mahamadou Issoufou (born 1952)

Mahamadou Issoufou has been president of the country since the presidential elections in 2011. He belongs to the Hausa ethnic group, who form the majority in the country.

Tandja Mamadou (born 1938)

The Nigerien politician was president of his country from 1999 to 2010. His term of office was characterized by efforts to reduce national debt and build up the economy. Unfortunately, some of his measures were enforced by force.

Mahamane Ousmane (born 1950)

The politician, born in Zinder in 1950, was President of Niger from 1993 to 1996. A peace agreement was signed with the Tuareg under Ousmane.

Daouda Malam Wanké (1946/1954-2004)

The Nigerien major was the former head of state of Niger after he carried out a military coup against the incumbent President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara. As head of a transitional government, Wanké announced general elections and kept his promise.

Boubé Zoumé (1951-1997)

Zoumé, the former Nigerien writer, is one of the most important writers in his country. The poetry collection Les souffles du cœur is one of his most famous works.

Niger: plants

In the south, in the dry savannah of Niger, mainly grasses, thorn bushes and dry forest grow. Tamarinds, baobabs, kapok trees and mahogany trees grow in the lower region. Due to overgrazing and increasing drought, the plants of the savannah have suffered in recent years. The north of the country is almost completely devoid of vegetation and is largely dominated by the desert.

The only two orchid species found in Niger - Eulophia cucculata and Eulophia guineensis - are located in the 10,000 km² W National Park. Gallery forests can also be found in the country along the rivers.

 

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