Niger: Political System
The Republic of Niger is a presidential republic. The unicameral parliament
consists of 83 members who are elected every 5 years. The head of state is the
president, who is also directly elected every 5 years; re-election is possible
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
|République du Niger
Republic of Niger
La Nigérienne has been the national anthem of Niger since
1961. Maurice Albert Thiriet wrote the text.
The music is by Robert Jacquet and Nicolas Abel François Frionnet.
||In the English translation
|Auprès du grand Niger puissant
Qui rend la nature plus belle,
Soyons fiers et reconnaissants
De notre liberté nouvelle.
Évitons les vaines querelles
Afin d'épargner notre sang;
Et que les glorieux accents
De notre race sans tutelle
S'élèvent dans un même élan
Jusqu'à ce ciel éblouissant
Où veille son âme éternelle
Qui fera le pays plus grand.refrain
Que notre œuvre féconde
Rajeunisse le cœur de ce vieux continent,
Et que ce chant s'entende aux quatre coins du monde
Comme le cri d'un Peuple équitable et vaillant!
Debout Niger: Debout!
Sur le sol et sur l'onde,
Au rythme des tamtams, dans leur son grandissant,
Restons unis, toujours, et que chacun réponde
À ce noble avenir qui nous dit: «En avant! »
Nous retrouvons dans nos enfants
Toutes les vertus des Ancêtres:
Pour lutter dans tous les instants
Elles sont notre raison d'être.
Nous affrontons le fauve traître
À peine armés le plus souvent,
Voulant subsister dignement
Sans detruire pour nous repaître.
Dans la steppe où chacun ressent
La soif, dans le Sahel brûlant,
Marchons, sans défaillance, en maîtres
Magnanimes et vigilants.
|Along the great powerful Niger
that makes the landscape more beautiful,
Let us be proud and grateful for
our new freedom!
Let us avoid nonsensical arguments,
To save us bloodshed,
and may the glorious voices of
Our race be free from oppression!
Let us stand up in one leap
As high as the shining sky,
Where its immortal soul watches That
will make the land bigger!refrain
Up! Niger! Up!
May our fruitful works
renew the heart of this ancient continent!
And may the song be heard
In the four corners of the earth
As the call of a righteous and brave people!
Up! Niger! Up!
On the land and on the wave.
To the sounds of the drums
In their growing rhythms
Let us always remain united,
And may each one
follow Into this noble future
That tells us: Go forward!
We find in our children
all the virtues of the ancestors
To fight in every moment
They are our raison d'etre
We defy the treacherous beast
Mostly only weakly armed
We want to survive with dignity
Without destroying for our well-being
In the steppe, where everyone feels
the thirst in the burning Sahel
marches, without despair, as gentlemen
generous and vigilant
The national flag (national flag) of Niger was introduced on November 23,
1959. Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, here, the Orange symbolizes the Sahara, green stands for hope and grassy
plains in the south and west of the country, while White's innocence and purity
of the nation is
the sun in the middle strip to the willingness of the people to sacrifice
themselves in defense of his rights, symbolizes.
Niger: Known People
Amadou Boubacar Cissé (born 1948)
Cissé, born in Niamey in 1948, is a Nigerien politician who was Prime Minister
of Niger from 1995 to 1997 (with a small interruption). From 2001 Cissé was Vice
President of the Islamic Development Bank.
Salou Djibo (born 1960/1961)
The Niger officer became chairman of the Supreme Council for the Restoration of
Democracy (CSRD) after the 2010 coup, which made him de facto head of state in
Alfred Dogbé (born 1962)
Dogbé, a Nigerien novelist and playwright, works as a cultural journalist and
director in addition to his literary work. In everything he does, Dogbé is
considered an astute observer of social and political issues.
Mahamadou Issoufou (born 1952)
Mahamadou Issoufou has been president of the country since the presidential
elections in 2011. He belongs to the Hausa ethnic group, who form the majority
in the country.
Tandja Mamadou (born 1938)
The Nigerien politician was president of his country from 1999 to 2010. His term
of office was characterized by efforts to reduce national debt and build up the
economy. Unfortunately, some of his measures were enforced by force.
Mahamane Ousmane (born 1950)
The politician, born in Zinder in 1950, was President of Niger from 1993 to
1996. A peace agreement was signed with the Tuareg under Ousmane.
Daouda Malam Wanké (1946/1954-2004)
The Nigerien major was the former head of state of Niger after he carried out a
military coup against the incumbent President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara. As head
of a transitional government, Wanké announced general elections and kept his
Boubé Zoumé (1951-1997)
Zoumé, the former Nigerien writer, is one of the most important writers in his
country. The poetry collection Les souffles du cœur is one of his most famous
In the south, in the dry savannah of Niger, mainly grasses, thorn bushes and
dry forest grow. Tamarinds, baobabs, kapok trees and mahogany trees grow in the
lower region. Due to overgrazing and increasing drought, the plants of the
savannah have suffered in recent years. The north of the country is almost
completely devoid of vegetation and is largely dominated by the desert.
The only two orchid species found in Niger - Eulophia cucculata and Eulophia
guineensis - are located in the 10,000 km² W National Park. Gallery forests can
also be found in the country along the rivers.