Tanzania: Political System
Tanzania is a federal presidential republic in the Commonwealth. The
unicameral parliament currently has 274 members. 232 of these are elected, 37
female MPs are elected by the President and another 5 are elected by Zanzibar/
The election takes place every five years. The head of state is also directly
elected every five years; re-election is possible once. Zanzibar/Pemba have
their own parliament with 75 members. According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
|United Republic of Tanzania
Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania)
||In the English translation
|Mungu ibariki Afrika
Wabariki Viongozi wake
Hekima Umoja na
Amani Hizi ni ngao zetu
Afrika na watu wake
Tubariki watoto wa Africa
Mungu ibariki Tanzania
Dumisha uhuru na Umoja
Wake kwa Waume na Watoto
Mungu Ibariki Tanzania na watu wake
Tubariki watoto wa Tanzania
|God bless Africa!
Bless his leaders!
Wisdom, unity and
peace - these are our shields:
Africa and its people.
Bless us the children of Africa.
God bless Tanzania!
Preserve freedom and unity
for women, men and children!
God bless Tanzania and its people!
Bless us the children of Tanzania.
The national flag (country flag) of Tanzania was officially introduced on
June 30, 1964. Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the four colors of the flag are interpreted as follows:
- Green symbolized the fertility of the country
- The black stripe represented the African population.
- The narrow golden horizontal stripes stand for the rich natural resources
- Blue symbolizes the sky and the Indian Ocean
Tanzania: Known People
Freddie Mercury (1946-1991)
Freddie Mercury was one of the most famous musicians of the 1970s and 1980s. The
British frontman of the rock band Queen was born in 1946 as Farrokh Bulsara in
the Tanzian city of Zanzibar as the son of a Parsi family from India.
David Adjaye (born 1966)
Adjaye is a renowned English architect who was born in Dar es Salaam, the
largest city in Tanzania, in 1966. His father worked there as a Ghanaian
Roald Dahl ( 1916-1990)
The famous British writer who became famous with books like Charlie and the
Chocolate Factory and James and the Giant Peach lived and fought in Dar es
Salaam for five years during World War II.
John Garang de Mabior (1945-2005)
John Garang de Mabior was one of the most famous South Sudanese rebel
leaders. The politician received his secondary education in Tanzania as a
child. He also worked from 1967 at the Tanzanian University of Dar Es Salaam.
Laurent-Désiré Kabila (1939-2001)
Kabila was President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 1997 to
2001. The Congolese politician completed his studies in Tanzania's largest city
at the University of Dar es Salaam.
Amani Abeid Karume (born 1948)
Karuma, President and son of the first President of Zanzibar, Sheikh Abeid Amani
Karume, was elected to his current office in October 2000 with around 67% and
was confirmed in 2005.
Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (born 1950)
The politician who has been President of Tanzania since 2005 was born in
Msoga. Kikwete received about 80% of the vote in the December 2005 presidential
election and was re-elected with about 60% in October 2010. His terms in office,
but also the political time before that, were overshadowed by allegations of
Asha-Rose Mtengeti Migiro (born 1956)
Born in the Tanzanian Songea, Asha-Rose Migiro was a lawyer and politician who
has been Deputy Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon since 2007. After the Canadian
Louise Fréchette, Migiro is the (only) second woman to hold this position. She
is very involved in the fight for women's rights, for freedom of the press and
in questions of the flight of Africans to Europe.
Gertrude Ibengwe Mongella (born 1945)
Gertrude Mongella, the first female President of the
Pan-African Parliament of the African Union since 2004, was born in 1945 in
Ukerewe, a Tanzanian city on Lake Victoria. Before her current position, she
worked as a diplomat for the United Nations and, among other things, chaired the
UN World Conference on Women until 1995.
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (born 1944)
Museveni comes from Ntungamo, Uganda, and has been President of Uganda since
1986. He was confirmed in his office in 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011. He
completed his studies in law, economics and political science in 1970 at the
Tanzanian University of Dar es Salaam. He also lived as an exile in Tanzania
from 1971 to 1980.
Mizengo Kayanza Peter Pinda (born 1948)
The city of Mpanda is in the Rukwa region. It was there in 1948 that Mizengo
Kayanza Peter Pinda was born, who has served as Prime Minister of Tanzania since
2008 and replaced Edward Lowassa, who had resigned on allegations of corruption.
A large part of the country consists of dry forests, wet and dry savannas, in
which umbrella acacias and baobab trees (baobab) grow. The savannas can be
divided into grasslands and tree savannas. There are also tropical rainforests
in the mountains in the south and west of the country. The remaining landscapes
are semi-deserts and coastal plains, which are partly covered by mangrove swamps
with mangrove trees that serve as coastal protection. Other trees worth
mentioning are acacias, flame trees, jacaranda trees, liver sausage trees, mango
trees, palms, tamarind trees, desert date trees, shrub Sodom's apple.
Mexican prickly poppies, grasslands, dog-tooth grass, jasmine, around 40
different types of orchid, narrow-leaved cattails, the papyrus plant grows in
the papyrus swamps. Between Mount Meru and the Ngurdoto Crater lies the area of
the Momella Lakes, which is characterized by swamps, grassy areas and mountain
forests. The mountain slopes are covered with tropical rainforest and cloud