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United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates: Political System

The United Arab Emirates is made up of the following seven states, which have a high degree of autonomy. The United Arab Emirates was founded on December 2, 1971.

United Arab Emirates: Political System

The following emirates belong to them:

  • Emirate of Abu Dhabi with an area of approximately 67,340 km ² and about 2.3 million residents
  • Emirate of Dubai with an area of approx. 3,885 km² and around 3.1 million residents
  • Emirate of Sharjah (Sharjah) with an area of approx. 2,590 km² and about 1.3 million residents
  • Emirate of Ajman with an area of about 259 km² and about 250,000 residents
  • Emirate of Umm al-Quaiwain with an area of approx. 777 km² and around 75,000 residents
  • Emirate of Ra`s al-Chaimah with an area of about 1,680 km2 and about 265,000 residents
  • Emirate of Fujairah with an area of approx. 1,165 km2 and around 100,000 residents

These seven emirates have had a provisional constitution since 1986. All important decisions of the United Arab Emirates, the policy of the Federation and its implementation as well as the election of the President and Vice-President are made by the Supreme Council. This is made up of the seven rulers of the individual emirates. The president has always been the ruler of Abu Dhabi. His term of office is five years, with no limit on the total term of office. The President appoints the Prime Minister. Together they appoint the cabinet, which consists of 24 ministers. A Supreme Court examines the constitutionality of the law. There are no political parties or trade unions.

The Emirates have extensive autonomy. The power of the respective ruler of an emirate is inviolable.

A different exercise of domestic politics in the individual emirates is therefore possible.

According to, the official name of the country is:

United Arab Emirates

There is a joint parliament, the Federal National Council, with 40 members. However, this parliament has an advisory role and its members are appointed by the respective emir or sheiks according to the number of residents of the individual emirates. The United Arab Emirates are a member of the UN, the Arab League and the Federation of Petroleum Producing Countries (OPEC). Noteworthy and especially noteworthy is the fact that a woman heads the office of the Ministry of Economics and Planning as a minister. It is the Sheikha (Princess) Lubna al Qasimi from the Emirate of Sharjah.

National anthem

The national anthem of the United Arab Emirates is called ʿĪschī bilādī. The music for the anthem was composed in 1971 by Mohamad Abdel Wahab, who also wrote the national anthem of Tunisia. The text of the Hyme from 1996 comes from the poet rif al-Sheikh Abdullah al-Hasan. In the German translation it reads:

Live my country, the unity of our emirate life.

You have lived for a nation

whose religion is Islam

whose guidance is the Koran.

I made you stronger in God's name, oh homeland.

My country, my country, my country, my country.God has protected you from evil at all times.

We vowed to build and work.

Work sincerely, work sincerely.

As long as we live we will be righteous.Security held and the flag

revived our emirates, the symbol of the Arabs.

We all sacrifice ourselves for you, we support you with our blood.

We sacrifice our souls for you, oh homeland.

National flag

The flag was adopted with the establishment of the United Arab Emirates on December 2, 1971. Based on flag descriptions by, the flag has the pan-Arab colors of red, green, white and black as a symbol of Arab unity. They stand for the following dynasties:

- Green for the Fatimids

- Black for the Abbasids

- White for the Umayyads

- Red stands for the Sherif of Mecca

United Arab Emirates flag and coat of arms

United Arab Emirates: Known People

Visual artist

Hassan Sharif (born 1951, Dubai)

works in the field of installation.

Mohammad Yusef Ali (born 1953, Sharjah)

works in the field of installation.

Abdul Rahim Salem (born 1955, Dubai)

works in the field of sculpture.

Hussain Sharif (born 1961)

works in the field of installation.

Mohammed Ahmed Ibrahim (born 1962, Khorfakkan)

works in the field of sculpture.

Karima Al Shomaly (born 1965, Sharjah)

works in the field of installation and photography.

Abdullah Al Saadi (born 1967)

works in the field of sculpture and drawing.

Mohammed Kazem (born 1969, Dubai)


Khalil Abdul Wahid (born 1974, Dubai)


Ebtisam Abdul Aziz (born 1975, Sharjah)

works in the field of video installation and photography.

Nuha Asad (born 1983, Sharjah)

works in the field of performance and photography.

Maysoon Saqr

works in the field of installation and video art.

Politicians and rulers

Sheikh Zayed ibn Sultan Al Nahyan (1918-2004)

ruler of Abu Dhabi and the first President of the United Arab Emirates since 1971.

Sheikh Chalifa bin Zayid Al Nahyan (born 1948)

has been President of the United Arab Emirates and Prime Minister of the Emirates Abu Dhabi since 2004.

Sheikh Muhammed bin Raschid Al Maktum (born 1949)

Prime Minister, Defense Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates and ruler of the Emirate of Dubai.

Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al-Qasimi

ruler of Sharjah.

Sheikh Saqr bin Mohammed Al-Qasimi

ruler of Ras Al-Khaimah.

Sheikh Rashid bin Ahmed Al-Mu'alla

ruler of Umm Al-Qaiwain.

Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al-Nuaimi

ruler of Ajman.

Sheikh Hamad bin Mohammed Al-Sharqi

ruler of Fujairah since 1974.

Writer and poet

Mohammed al-Murr (born 1960)

Writer. He is best known for his short stories, which have only been translated into English.






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