Bahrain: Political System
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
Kingdom of Bahrain
Bahrain, which is administratively divided into five governorates, is a constitutional
monarchy. This form of government was established in the constitution
in 2002. Incidentally, a constitutional monarchy is a special form of
monarchy. In this the power of the king is restricted by means of a written
Although the king is the actual head of state in Bahrain,
the prime minister is the actual ruler. He heads a cabinet with
23 members. The king, however, appoints and dismisses the government of Bahrain
and also has the right to dissolve the House of Representatives and call new
Bahrain has a bicameral parliament (national assembly). This
consists of a House of Representatives (= Majlis an-Nuwwab) and
a consultative council (= Majlis asch-Shura). Both bodies have
40 members each. However, the members of the House of Representatives are
elected by the people every four years, while those of the Consultative Council
are appointed by the King. The latter have an advisory function.
Parties are not allowed in Bahrain. Regardless of this,
various opposition groups (e.g. Bahrain Freedom Movement, Asala Association)
were registered and allowed to take part in the recent parliamentary
elections. The Political Societies Law passed in 2005 forms the basis for this
All citizens over the age of 18 years are required to vote in
Bahrain. Women have both active and passive voting rights. Although Islam is
Bahrain's state religion, since the reforms of 2002 women can also be admitted
to higher political offices. This happened for the first time in the
parliamentary elections in 2006, when Latifa al-Qa'ud became the first woman to
be appointed to parliament. It is also possible for both Sunnis and Shiites to
obtain political office.
Bahrain is a member of the UN, the OAPEC, the Arab League and the Gulf
Cooperation Council. The US also regards the country as an important ally.
The national anthem of a country is usually a piece of music underlaid with a
text, which is intended to express the state, life or national feeling of a
country. It is usually played on particularly festive occasions, such as state
visits, special holidays or to honor politicians, business leaders, etc.
National anthem of the respective winning country played.
The introduction of the national anthems in most European countries goes back
to the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The numerous former colonies that had
become independent usually introduced their national anthems and also their
national flags after independence, i.e. in the second half of the 20th century.
The national anthem of Bahrain is called Bahrainunā, which
means something like "Our Bahrain" in the English translation. The anthem was
adopted on August 15, 1971, the day Bahrain gained independence from Great
Britain. There are two different text versions of the national anthem in
circulation, the currently valid one being declared the official anthem in 2002
with the accession to the throne of Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifas. Muhammad
Sudqi Ayyasch, born in 1925, came up with the text for the national
piece of music. Unfortunately, the composer has remained unknown.
Here is the Arabic text of the hymn:
دستورها عالي المكانة والمقام
ميثاقها نهج الشريلعة والعروبة
والقيم عحارية مل اليم عحارية ملبلد الكرام
دستورها عالي المكانة والمقام
ميثاقها نهج الشريعة والعروبة والعروبة
ملالقيم عاشن المكانة يم عاشنت مملحر يم عاشنت ملمكرة يم عاشنت مملحر يم
عاشنت مملحرة يم عاشنت ملمحريم
And in the English translation
A symbol of harmony
His constitution is high and well placed.
Your statute is the way of Sharia, Arabism and values.
Long live the Kingdom of BahrainLand of noble men,
cradle of peace.
Its constitution stands high and good position.
Its statute is the way of Sharia, Arabism and values.
Long live the Kingdom of Bahrain
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the national flag of the Kingdom of Bahrain is composed of a
vertical white stripe on the left and a red stripe on the right, with the two
sides separated by five triangles that give the impression that it is a zigzag
line. The red of the flag indicates the Kharijich religion and the color white
refers to peace with the neighbors of Bahrain. The five pillars of Islam are
symbolized with the help of the five triangles.
By the way:
The national flag of Qatar originally looked exactly like that of today's
Bahrain. Since you naturally wanted to avoid mix-ups, the red of the flag was
changed to brown. This color shift was due to the fact that the red dye, which
was used to color the flag, turned brown when exposed to strong sunlight.
Haya Raschid Al Chalifa (born 1952)
This lawyer and diplomat from Bahrain was elected President of the 61st UN
General Assembly in 2006 and held this office until 2007. She was only the third
woman to hold this high position. Al Chalifa represented her home country as
ambassador in France from 1999 to 2004.
Isa ibn Salman Al Chalifa (1933-1999)
During the reign of this Emir of Bahrain (1961-1999), the British protectorate
of Bahrain was able to achieve its independence in 1971. Then he became head of
state of a now sovereign state.
Sheikh Hamad ibn Isa Al Chalifa (born 1950) Al
in Riffa (Bahrain) in 1950, is the current King of Bahrain. After becoming an
emir in 1999, he declared himself king in 2002. The son of the former emir
initiated extensive democratic reforms in Bahrain in the year of his rise to
office and changed the constitution so that he made a constitutional monarchy
out of the absolute.
Muhammad Sudqi Ayyasch (born 1925)
Ayyasch wrote the text for the national anthem of Bahrain, the Bahrainunā.
Maryam Yusuf Jamal (born 1984 in Ethiopia)
At the 2007 World Championships in Osaka/Japan, she won the world title over
1,500 m in 3: 58.75 minutes, which she won at the 2009 World Athletics
Championships in Berlin with a time of 4:03, Defended 74 minutes
Bahrain is a hot and dry country. This is also reflected in the flora. So on
the main island of Bahrain - apart from the few agriculturally usable areas -
desert vegetation predominates. On the north coast there is a fertile
five-kilometer-long strip on which date, pomegranate, fig and almond trees
grow. There are also various types of vegetables that are grown there.
Positive news concerns Bahrain's forest area, which has the world's largest
percentage increase. Between 1990 and the year 200 alone it grew by 14.9%.
Shajarat al-Hayah (Tree of Life)
This 400 year old sweet pod tree is believed to be a true natural
wonder. Standing completely alone in the desert, it rises about two kilometers
from Jabal ad Dukhan, the highest point in Bahrain. The source of water that the
tree uses for its growth has not yet been found. Investigations have shown that
there is no water to be found anywhere.
Bahrain is very poor in animal species. In particular, lizards, mongooses and
gerbils live on the islands. The gazelles and hares that were once found on the
islands are almost extinct. Cattle, sheep and goats are also found on the
islands. They are kept for raising livestock. Many of the islands of Bahrain are
used by migratory birds.
Al Areen Reserve
In the Al Areen Reserve you can see animals in the wild that are
actually threatened with extinction.