Belarus: Political System
Belarus is a presidential republic. The head of state is the President, who
has great powers. The bicameral parliament consists of the House of
Representatives with 110 members and the Republic Council, which consists of 64
representatives from the regions and 8 members appointed by the head of
state. Parliamentary elections take place every four years. The head of state is
directly elected every 7 years; re-election is possible once.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
|Republic of Belarus
The national anthem of a country is a piece of music that is usually
underlaid with a text and is intended to express the state, lifestyle and
national feeling of a country. It is played on special festive occasions, e.g.
on state visits, on special holidays or to honor politicians, business leaders,
etc. The national anthem of the respective winning country is also performed at
the award ceremony on the occasion of international sporting events such as the
Olympic Games, the Tour de France or World and European Championships. In most
European countries, the national anthems and flags were introduced at the end of
the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries after they had achieved their
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, My Belarusy (We, the Belarusians) is the national anthem of Belarus. The
music was taken from the anthem of the Belarusian SSR, the composer of which
was Nester Sakalouski. The new text used since 2002 comes
from Mikhas Klimkowitsch and Uladimir Karysna.
In the English translation
We, the Belarusians, are a peaceful people,
with our hearts loyal to our fatherland,
we are good friends and we strengthen ourselves
in an efficient and free family.
Long live the name of our country,
Long live the fraternal union of peoples!
Our dear mother home,
Long live and prosper Belarus!
Together with our brothers for centuries
we defended our home,
In battles for freedom, in battles for life
we won the flag of our victory!
Friendship between peoples is the power of peoples
And this is our holy sunny path.
Up, go to the clear sky,
O flag of victory, O flag of joy!
Visual artists, writers
Marc Chagall (Moishe Zakharovich Shagalov) (1887 to 1985)
Painter. The Jewish artist, born in Liosna near Vitebsk in what was then the
Russian Empire, created not only his famous paintings and stained glass windows,
but also mosaics and theater sets and is considered one of the most important
painters of the 20th century. He lived mostly in Paris. He died in March 1985 in
Saint-Paul-de-Vence in the French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
Svetlana Alexievich (born 1948)
2015 Nobel Prize for Literature. Svetlana Alexandrovna Alexievich was born on
May 31, 1948 in Stanislav in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic - today's
Ivano-Frankivsk in western Ukraine. After her father left the Belarusian army,
he returned to Belarus with his Ukrainian wife and children. Both parents worked
as teachers in a local village and therefore Svetlana Alexievich spent her
childhood here. After finishing school she studied journalism at the Belarusian
State University in Minsk until 1972. After completing her studies, she worked
for a local newspaper and as a teacher in Belarus. In 1976 she went to the
literary magazine Neman as a correspondent. In her book "The War Has No Female
Face", completed in 1983, she portrayed the fate of Soviet women soldiers in
World War II. As a result, the Soviet censorship authorities accused her of
defiling the "honor of the Great Patriotic War". Because of her "anti-communist
attitude" she then lost her position. In her books she addresses, among other
things, the Stalin era and the Chernobyl reactor accident. Despite her critical
stance towards President Aljaksandr Lukashenka in Belarus, she returned to Minsk
in 2011 after spending time in Paris, Stockholm and Berlin. On October 13, 2013
she received the Paulskirche in Frankfurt the Peace Prize of the German Book
She received the 2015 Nobel Prize for Literature for her polyphonic work, which
is a monument to the suffering and courage of our time.
Politicians and rulers
Salman Shazar (1889 to 1874), third President of Israel
The Belarusian Jew and Zionist emigrated to what would later become Israel in
1924, became a member of the first Knesset in 1949 and served as President of
the country from 1963 to 1973.
Marek Edelman (born 1922), one of the 5 leaders of the
Warsaw Ghetto uprising, the
last surviving commander of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, wrote several
publications about this period. After the war he studied medicine in Poland and
worked as a cardiac surgeon. Since the beginning of the 80s, Dr. Edelman in the
Alexander Lukashenko (1954)
Lukashenko was born on August 30, 1954 in Kopys, Belarus. He has been President
of Belarus since 1994. He rules almost unlimited power and allows the opposition
to be strictly persecuted.
Theologians and philosophers
Euphrosyne of Polotsk (Efrasinia Polotskaya, around 1110 to
1173), patron saint of the Belarusians.
The princess voluntarily led a life as a nun and died on a pilgrimage in
Kyrill von Turaw (around 1130 to 1182) Orthodox theologian
The Christian scholar was also the most important writer of early Belarusian