Finland: Political System
Not least the two attacks on young men in Finnish schools - the last attack
was in September 2008 with 11 deaths (including the perpetrator who killed
himself) - are now drawing attention to the question of the causes of such acts
In hardly any other European country is the gap between the "cultures" of
rural and urban populations as great as in Finland. In the Finnish province -
with high unemployment - there is a culture of masculinity and violence that is
otherwise almost unknown in Northern Europe. The above-average alcoholism also
contributes to brutalizing people! Extreme acts of violence and fights by lonely
and frustrated young men repeatedly occur in the country's smaller
villages. After the USA and Yemen, Finland has the highest density of firearms
in the world. The suicide rate in rural areas is extremely high and the murder
rate is seven to eight times higher than in Germany, for example.
Form of government
Finland is a parliamentary democracy. At the head of the state is a president
who is elected directly by the people every six years. Re-election is only
possible one more time. The government must have the confidence of Parliament
(Eduskunta). The parliament has 200 members who are elected every four years in
general, equal and free elections.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
|Republic of Finland/Suomen Tasavalta
The national anthem of Finland was written by the Finnish national poet Johan
Ludvig Runeberg (1804-1877) and set to music by Fredrik Pacius (1809-1891). It
was performed for the first time in 1848 by students who celebrated "Flora Day"
on May 13th on a meadow belonging to the Kumtähti manor house. The same melody
also serves as the national anthem in Estonia
||In English translation
|Oi maamme, Suomi, synnyinmaa!
Soi sana kultainen!
Egg laaksoa, egg kukkulaa,
egg vettä rantaa rakkaampaa
kuin kotimaa taä pohjoinen.
Maa kallis isien.
Sun kukoistukses kuorestaan
Much 'lempemme saa nousemaan
sun toivos, riemus loistossaan,
ja kerran laulus, synnyinmaa
korkeemman kaiun saa.
|Vårt land, vårt land, vårt fosterland,
ljud högt, o dyra ord!
Ej lyfts en Höjd mot himlens rand,
ej sänks en dal, ej sköljs en strand,
mer älskad än vår bygd i nord,
än våra fäders jord!
Din blomning, sluten än i knopp,
Skall mogna ur sitt tvång;
Se, ur vår kärlek skall gå opp
Ditt ljus, din glans, din fröjd, ditt hopp.
Ochre klinga skall en gång
Vår fosterländska sång.
|O home, home, our country;
Sound loud, you dear word!
No land as far as the edge of the sky.
No country with mountains and valleys and beaches
is loved more than our north,
Here our fathers' refuge.
Once your blossom struggles to break free,
ripe from the bud compulsion.
Yes, once out of our love, go
to your hope, bright and big.
And our country
song resounds in horns.
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the national flag (national flag) of Finland shows a blue Scandinavian cross
on a white background, which is also popularly known as the blue cross flag. It
was legally introduced as the official symbol of Finland on May 29, 1918.
Finland: Known People
Architects and builders
Eliel Saarinen (1873-1950)
Eliel Saarinen was born on August 20, 1873 in Rantasalmi. This Finnish architect
was known for his art nouveau works. For example, he built Helsinki Central
Station (Rautatieasema) in 1919 and the National Museum of Finland
(Kansallismuseo) in Helsinki in 1911. He had died on July 1, 1950 in Bloomfield
Hills Oakland County, Michigan.
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (1898-1976)
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto was born on February 3, 1898 in Kuortane.
Aalto was an architect and designer and became famous for his special concepts
in the field of organic construction.
He planned and began the construction of the opera house in Essen, which was not
completed until after his death in 1988. Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto died on May 11,
1976 in Helsinki.
Aino Aalto (1894-1949)
Aino Aalto, née Mandelin, was born in Helsinki on January 25, 1894. The
architect and designer was married to the architect Alvar Aalto. In 1932 she won
a design competition with the Aino Aalto glasses, which also received the gold
medal at the Triennale in Milan in 1936. In 1935, the Artek interior design
company was founded to sell its furniture, textiles and glass. She died on
January 13, 1949 in her native Helsinki.
Musicians and composers
Eläkeläiset (The Pensioners) is a Humppa band - a type of foxtrot - founded in
1993 from Joensuu in eastern Finland, which mostly plays cover versions, i.e.
interpretations of other well-known pop and rock music.
HIM (His Infernal Majesty), which was founded in Helsinki in 1991 and existed
until 2017 and is attributed to Dark Rock.
The Leningrad Cowboys play a mixture of cover versions of well-known pop and
rock songs as well as Russian folk songs. The band was an invention of the
Finnish film director Aki Kaurismäki together with Sakke Järvenpää and Mato
Valtonen, members of the Finnish comedy rock band Sleepy Sleepers. The three of
them formed the band together in a bar in 1986 as a joke about the crumbling
power of the Soviet Union. In the beginning it was a "fictional band" that the
Finnish director Aki Kaurismäki had invented for his film Leningrad Cowboys Go
America (1989) and consisted mainly of the members of the Sleepy Sleepers, which
had existed since 1975.
Jean Sibelius (1865-1957)
Jean Sibelius was born on December 8, 1865 in Hämeenlinna in southern
Finland. This late Romantic and Modern composer is probably the most famous
Finnish composer to date. His violin concerto in Opus 47 is particularly
beautiful. Sibelius died on September 20, 1957 in Järvenpää near Helsinki.
Tarja Turunen (born 1977)
Her full name is Tarja Soile Susanna Turunen Cabuli. She was born on August 17,
1977 in Kitee in the southeast of the country. She is a soprano and
songwriter. Together with Tuomas Holopainen and Emppu Vuorinen she founded the
band "Nightwish" in 1996, to which she belonged until the end of 2005. Since she
was trained as a classical singer, she sings her pieces - including heavy metal
- in the classical style. After she left the band in 2005, she usually appears
as a soloist under "Tarja".
The four-member group "The Rasmus" are an alternative rock band. The band was
formed in Finland in 1994. Here in Germany the band became known in 2003 with
the song "In the Shadows".
Esko Aho (born 1954)
Esko Aho was born on May 20, 1954 in Veteli in the west of the country. He was
Prime Minister of Finland from 1991 to 1995
Tarja Halonen (born 1943) Halonen, born
on December 24, 1943 in Helsinki by the Finnish Social Democrats, was Finland's
11th head of state from March 1, 2000 to March 1, 2012 and the first woman in
this office. She succeeded Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari in the office.
Harri Hermanni Holkeri (1937-2011)
Harri Hermanni Holkeri was born on January 6, 1937 in Oripää in southwest
Finland. He was Prime Minister of Finland from 1987 to 1991. Harri Hermanni
Holkeri died on August 7, 2011 in Helsinki.
Anneli Tuulikki Jäätteenmäki (born 1955)
Anneli Tuulikki Jäätteenmäki was born on February 11, 1955 in Lapua in the west
of the country. She was the first Finnish Prime Minister and was in office from
April 17 to June 18, 2003. In addition, she was chairman of the Finnish Center
Party (Suomen Keskusta).
Urho Kaleva Kekkonen (1900-1986)
Urho Kaleva Kekkonen was born on September 3, 1900 in Pielavesi in central
Finland. He served as Prime Minister of Finland from 1950 to 1956 and was then
President of the country from 1956 to 1981. Kekkonen died on August 31, 1986 in
Mauno Henrik Koivisto (born 1923)
Mauno Henrik Koivisto was born on November 25, 1923 in Turku. He served as the
ninth Finnish President from 1982 to 1994. Koivisto died on May 12, 2017 in
Juho Kusti Paasikivi (1870-1956)
Juho Kusti Paasikivi was born on November 27, 1870 in what is now Hämeenkoski in
southern Finland. He served as the Finnish President from 1946 to 1956. Before
that he was Finnish ambassador to the Soviet Union from 1940 to 1941 and served
as Finnish head of government from 1944 to 1946. During his time as President,
the Finnish-Soviet Treaty was signed in 1948, which subsequently led to limited
sovereignty for Finland. Paasikivi died on December 14, 1956 in Helsinki.
Taisto Kalevi Sorsa (1930-2004)
Taisto Kalevi Sorsa was born on December 21, 1930 in Keuruu in central
Finland. He was Prime Minister of Finland for ten years in four different
governments: 1972-1975, 1977-1979, 1982-1983 and 1983-1987. Sorsa died on
January 16, 2004 in Helsinki.
Matti Taneli Vanhanen (born 1955)
Matti Taneli Vanhanen was born on November 4, 1955 in Jyväskylä. He was Prime
Minister of Finland from 2003 to 2010. Since 1975 he has been a member of the
Finnish Center Party (Suomen Keskusta). He was its deputy chairman in 2000 and
its chairman from October 2003 to June 2010.
Poet and writer
Aleksis Kivi (1834-1872)
Aleksis Kivi was born on October 10, 1834 in Nurmijärvi in southern
Finland. He was a Finnish national writer. His most famous novel is called "The
Seven Brothers". Aleksis Kivi died on December 31, 1872 in Tuusula in the south
of the country
Elias Lönnrot (1802-1884)
Elias Lönnrot was born on April 9, 1802 in Sammatti in the south of the
country. He was a philologist, folklorist, doctor, and botanist. He became
famous through the national epic Kalevala. Elias Lönnrot died on March 19, 1884
in his hometown of Sammatti.
Arto Paaslinna (born 1942)
Arto Paaslinna was born on October 5, 2018 in Espoo in the south of
Finland. Paaslinna is one of the most famous writers in Finland and has received
numerous literary prizes. Many of his novels were made into films.
Johan Ludvig Runeberg (1804-1877)
Johan Ludvig Runeberg was born on February 7, 1804 in Jakobstad on the Gulf of
Bothnia in western Finland. He is considered the national poet of Finland. The
most famous work by Runeberg is "Sagen des Fähnrichs Stahl".
Runeberg died on May 6, 1877 in Porvoo in the south of the country.
Janne Ahonen (born 1977)
ski jumper. Janne Ahonen was born on May 11, 1977 in Lathi in south-east
Finland. In 1997 he became world champion on the small hill. With the Finnish
team he became world champion in 1995, 1997 and 2003, and at the 2002 Winter
Olympics he won the silver medal with the team.
In 1999, 2003 and 2005 he won the prestigious Four Hills Tournament as well as
the overall World Cup in 2004 and 2005. Ahonen is married and Janne Ahonen, who
has two sons. He is also successful in drag racing, for example he was Nordic
champion in August 2004 with the Eagle Racing Team. Drag racing uses vehicles
with a few thousand horsepower.
Mika Pauli Häkkinen (born 1968)
Mika Pauli Häkkinen was born on September 28, 1968 in Vantaa in southern
Finland. He was a Formula 1 racing driver and world champion from 1998 and 1999
as well as vice world champion in 2000. From 1998 to 2008 he was married to Erja
Honkanen, a Finnish TV journalist, with whom he has two children. In January
2017 he married his longtime partner Marketa Kromatova, with whom he has three
Tommi Mäkinen (born 1964)
rally driver. Tommi Mäkinen was born on June 26th in Puuppola in the former
municipality of Jyväskylä. He has been world rally champion four times, won the
Monte Carlo Rally four times and won the Finnish NESTE rally five times.
Paavo Nurmi (1897-1973)
athlete. Paavo Nurmi was born in Turku on June 13, 1897. To this day, he is
considered one of the most successful athletes in the world, having won nine
gold and three silver medals at the Olympic Games between 1920 and 1928. By 1931
he had achieved a total of 24 world records in the middle distance. Nurmi died
on October 2, 1973 in Helsinki.
Kimi Matias Raikkonen (born 1979)
racing car driver. Kimi Matias Raikkonen was a Formula 1 racing driver and world
champion from 2007. He was also twice vice world champion. He was married to
former Finnish model Jenni Dahlman from 2004 to 2013. Raikkonen has been in a
relationship with the flight attendant Minttu Virtanen since 2013, with whom he
has a son (born 2015) and a daughter (born 2017), who were married in Italy in
Theologians and philosophers
Mikael Agricola (around 1509-1557)
Mikael Agricola was born around 1509 in Pernaja on the south coast of
Finland. He was a theologian and reformer and is also considered the father of
the Finnish literary language. Agricola was on April 9, 1557 in Uusikirkko,
which fell to the Soviet Union in 1944,
Lauri Ingman (1868-1934) died a
theologian and politician. Lauri Ingman was born on June 30, 1868 in Teuva in
the west of the country. From 1916 to 1930 he was Professor of Practical
Theology at the University of Helsinki. In the 1920s he was Minister of
Education in four governments.
From November 1918 to April 1919 and from May 1924 to March 1925 he was also
Prime Minister of Finland.
In 1930 he became Archbishop of Finland in Turku. Lauri Ingman died in Turku on
October 25, 1934.
Eino Kaila (1890-1958)
philosopher and psychologist. Eino Kaila was born on August 9, 1890 in Alajärvi
in western Finland. He was considered a representative of the logical
empiricism described by Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951), Bertrand Russell
(1872-1970) and Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947). He died on July 31, 1958 in
Kirkkonummi in the south of the country.
Antti Jaakko Pietilä (1878-1932)
Antti Jaakko Pietilä was born on March 9, 1878 in Oulujoki in western central
Finland. He was an eminent Finnish theologian. He was assistant for theological
morality from 1911 to 1919 and then professor for dogmatics from 1919 until his
death. Pietilä died on September 9, 1932 in Helsinki.
Georg Gustaf Rosenquist (1855-1931)
Georg Gustaf Rosenquist was born on September 13, 1855 in Lapinjärvi in
southern Finland. He was an important Finnish theologian and religious
philosopher. He was also a member of the Finnish Parliament from 1907 to
1919. Rosenquist died on February 12, 1931 in Helsinki.
Georg Henrik von Wright ( 1916-2003)
Georg Henrik von Wright was born on June 14, 1916 in Helsinki. He was a Finnish
philosopher and logician who for the past 20 years had been particularly
concerned with questions of moral philosophy. His contribution, Myten om
framsteget (The Myth of Progress), published in 1993 is well known. Von Wright
died on June 16, 2003 in Helsinki, the city of his birth
Nobel Prize Winner
Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari (born 1937)
Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari was born on June 23, 1937 in Viipuri in what is now
Vyborg, Russia. Ahtisaari received the 2008 Nobel Peace Prize for his many years
of service as a peacemaker. After completing his studies, he entered the
diplomatic service and in 1979 became the ambassador of Finland to Tanzania. In
1984 he became Under-Secretary-General of the UN and was responsible for its
administration. After a few stops in between, he was elected the country's 10th
President in 1994 as a candidate for Finland's Social Democrats. After his term
in office ended in 2000, he did not run again. Incidentally, on March 1, 2000,
his successor was Tarja Halonen from the Finnish Social Democrats. By the way,
she was re-elected on January 29, 2006 for a second six-year term - i.e. until
2012. After retiring from his presidency in 2005, he worked to end the civil war
in the Indonesian province of "Aceh". And from February 2006 he led negotiations
on the future status of the Serbian province of Kosovo, which was then under UN
administration. Furthermore, in October 2007 he was one of the co-founders of
the "European Council for Foreign Relations (ECFR)"
Bengt Robert Holmström (born 1949)
Bengt Robert Holmström was born on April 18, 1949 in Helsinki. He received the
Nobel Prize in Economics in 2016 together with the American Oliver Simon D'Arcy
Hart, who was born in London in 1948, for their contributions to contract
He is a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge,
Massachusetts. He had studied mathematics, physics and statistics, which he
completed with a bachelor's degree in Helsinki. He then studied at Stanford
University in California and graduated in 1975 with a master's degree and three
years later he did his doctorate here. Holmström then went on to teach for a
year. In 1979 he returned to the USA, where he taught business administration
first as a lecturer and from 1980 as an associate professor.
In 1983 he moved to Yale University as Professor of Economics and Organization
and in 1997 became Professor of Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology. Holmström was also a board member of Nokia from 1999 to 2012.
Frans Eemil Sillanpää (1888-1964)
Writer. Frans Eemil Sillanpää was born on September 16, 1888 in Kierikkala in
the municipality of Hämeenkyrö in southwest Finland. In 1939 he had received the
Nobel Prize for Literature "for the profound understanding and the exquisite art
of style with which he depicts peasant life and the nature of his homeland in
their mutual context". Sillanpää died on June 3, 1964 in Helsinki.
Wäinö Aaltonen (1894-1966)
sculptor. Wäinö Aaltonen was born on March 8, 1894 in Marttila in southern
Finland. To this day he is considered one of the most famous sculptors in
Finland. But in addition to monuments and portrait busts, he also created
reliefs, landscape drawings and oil paintings.
Aaltonen died on May 30, 1966 in Helsinki.
Antti Amatus Aarne (1867-1925)
Antti Amatus Aarne was born on March 5, 1867 in Pori in southwest Finland. He
was a Finnish fairy tale researcher who, among other things, published a
typology of fairy tales in 1910 under the title “Directory of fairy tale types
with the help of experts”.
He died on February 5, 1925 in Helsinki.
Aki Kaurismäki (born 1957)
Aki Kaurismäki was born on April 4, 1957 in Orimattila in southern Finland. As a
director he had received numerous awards. In 1989 he emigrated to Portugal with
his wife. He shot his last film, The Other Side of Hope, in 2017. Known include
Crime and Punishment from 1983, Leningrad Cowboys Go America from 1989, The Girl
from the Match Factory from 1990, Leningrad Cowboys Meet Moses from 1994 or The
Man Without a Past from 2002 and Le Havre from 2011.
Alexander von Nordmann (1803-1866)
Alexander von Nordmann was born on May 24, 1803 in Ruotsinsalmi near Kymi in
In 1838, the zoologist and botanist Normann discovered a hitherto unknown
species of fir in what is now Georgia, which in 1842 was named Nordmann fir in
his honor and is now one of the best-selling Christmas trees. He died on June
25, 1866 in Turku.
The most famous mammal in Finland is the elk. They can be found almost
everywhere, and although they are hunted regularly, the populations remain
stable. Motorists in particular should open their eyes, collisions with moose
are not uncommon in Finland and have often led to numerous accidents.
Predators such as the brown bear, Eurasian lynx and wolves also live in
Finland, and their populations continue to increase.
A specialty is the wolverine, which, like the other predators, is only seen
in the rarest of cases. Some individuals live in the Finnish part of Lapland.
He belongs to the marten family and is in this with a length of 1 m and a weight
of max. 35 kg the largest and heaviest representative. The shy mountain animal
has a shaggy, dark brown fur, a long bushy tail and large paws, which make it
much easier for him to walk through the snow. Wolverines live solitary and
prefer to stay near water. In addition to carrion, its diet also includes
berries and rodents. It doesn't get its name because of its eating habits, but
in all probability owes it to a translation error. The old Norse word
"Fjellfräs" means something like "mountain hangover".
Semi-domesticated reindeer live in the north and are only rounded up by their
owners at slaughter time. The reindeer is about 2 m long and 1.25 m high and
belongs to the deer family. Clothing is made from his very thick fur, which
consists of air-filled hair, and he also serves as a meat supplier. The reindeer
is the only species of deer in which both males and females have antlers. Its
main diet includes lichens, which it exposes from the snow with its wide
hooves, but they also eat leaves, bark and grass. In addition to Finland, it is
also found in Greenland and in the tundras of Northern Eurasia and Canada.
The forest reindeer, on the other hand, has actually already been
exterminated, but has returned to Finland from Russia.
However, it is far less common than its relative in the north.
Also typical residents of the north are mountain hares, arctic foxes and
mountain lemings, who have achieved fame through the supposed "community
suicide" during their mass migrations. In the south and west of Finland there
are white-tailed deer introduced from America, which have settled in well here.
The Oulanka National Park has many small mammals such as otters, weasels,
hares, pine martens and ermines. Deer and red foxes as well as badgers live in
the southern mixed forests.
In the Saimaa Lake District lives the rare Saimaa ringed seal that has been
saved from extinction and is the symbol of Finnish nature conservation. With
currently around 270 individuals, the seal is still considered threatened.
The snake-like slow worm is one of the most widespread native
reptiles. However, this is not a snake, but belongs to the lizards, and there to
the sneak family. Your extremities are so strongly receded that they cannot be
seen from the outside. However, their beginnings are visible in the skeleton.
Other features of the lizard include the closable eyelids and the lack of
abdominal scales that help snakes move. The tail can also be thrown off in case
of danger and distracts the enemy from the actual prey through independent
movements. However, only a short part of the slow-worm grows back, not the
Overall, it reaches a length of up to 50 cm, which can vary greatly due to the
growing tail stub. The color is sand-gray to brown-black. The slow worm lives
inconspicuously in cool stream valleys, forest clearings, hedges, meadows,
embankments and the edge of the vineyards. Usually it hides under stone slabs or
wooden boards. It can often be encountered after rain showers as it then leaves
its hiding place to hunt nudibranchs, earthworms, insects and spiders.
Their enemies include hedgehogs, crows, other larger birds and also humans. The
slow worm is widespread throughout Europe, and is also found in North
Africa. The grass snake is found relatively often - especially near lakes, ponds
or ponds. The only venomous snake found in the country is the adder.
Some representatives of the amphibians are the common toad as well as the
common frog and the moor frog.
Frequently occurring birds on the coast are oystercatchers, herring gulls,
redshanks and also rarities such as black guillemots, the black and white
guillemots and razorbills.
Bird lovers will not be able to avoid paying a visit to the Finnish Lake
District in southeastern Finland as it is a true paradise for birds of all
There are numerous species of geese and ducks, cranes and breeding birds such as
the water rail, the reed warbler, the great crested grebe and the spotted
The national bird of Finland is the whooper swan. The birds with the brilliant
white plumage have a straight neck (in contrast to the mute swans) and are found
mainly on the shallow lakes and slow-flowing waters of the tundra in northern
Finland. In the mixed forests, the birds are more likely to be heard than seen.
The robin, the siskin and the graycatcher as well as the chaffinch and many
different species of titmouse live here.
A number of birds of prey such as eagles, sparrowhawks, buzzards and owls also
Especially during the summer months it is difficult to protect yourself from
such pests as mosquitoes near water. At this time of year they are common in the
north in huge schools.
There are also flies, dragonflies, bumblebees, vests, bees and butterflies here.
The numerous lakes in Finland are very rich in fish, besides pike, salmon and
trout, carp and char also cavort here. There are herring in the coastal
waters. Mackerel, salmon, cod and herring also live
Finland's flora is based on the three vegetation zones mixed forest, boreal
coniferous forest and mountain tundra (from south to north).
Forests cover around three quarters of the country, making Finland the most
forested country in Europe.
There are mixed forests with deciduous trees on the southwest coast and in the
south of the country.
Oaks, mountain ash, aspen, linden and beech grow here.
The most common tree species, however, are pine, spruce and birch in the north
of the country, whereby the birch zone - an approximately 200 m long strip above
the coniferous forest zone - is really unique. Of the approximately 200
different maple tree species, only the Norway maple (acer platanoides) grows in
In the fell landscape in the northeast are the mountain birches, which are
related to the downy birch. The extreme north is almost treeless, with mountain
ash, quivering aspen and willow still growing in the taiga.
In Finland's forests, not only mushrooms, blueberries and lingonberries grow
but also cloudberries, which are little known outside of Scandinavia. This
plant, which is also often found in bog areas, becomes 10-25 cm high and first
has red and later orange-yellow fruits. The cloudberries are mostly processed
In addition to Scandinavia, they also grow in northern Asia and northern North
In general, berry bushes are very widespread in Finland. Blueberries,
raspberries, blackberries, as well as lingon and wild strawberries are
particularly easy to find. Instead, you need good luck and a good eye with the
arctic blackberry and the sea buckthorn bush, which prefers sunny locations. The
birch is a crop with many uses. Their wood is used for house and furniture
construction as well as for the construction of saunas, the tree bark is often
used as roof covering and as a material for weaving baskets and the branches are
very popular for use in saunas to promote blood circulation in the skin.
Agriculture is only practiced to a limited extent in Finland due to the cool
climate, mainly cereals such as rye, oats and barley are grown, but potatoes and
fruit trees are also cultivated.
The orange-red fruits of the sea buckthorn bush have a high content of
vitamin C and are therefore often used in the form of juices to strengthen the
The leaves of the fever clover, which grows in bank areas and in swamp areas,
contain bitter substances that are supposed to provide relief for stomach and
intestinal complaints. The leaves are mainly processed into tea and then
drunk. The bitter substances can also be found in many stomach bitters, which
are supposed to facilitate digestion.
The fever clover is under nature protection, so picking wild plants is strictly
The poisonous or intoxicating effect of the bogberry is controversial, as it
is assumed that it is more caused by fungi, which can attack the
berries. Despite the frequent fungal infestation, few berries can be eaten
Due to their blue color, however, the berries can easily be confused with those
of the blueberry.
The main difference, however, is the light color of the pulp and the juice,
which in blueberries are blue.
Since the extreme north is almost treeless, plants such as lichen, moss,
dwarf shrub heather and heather as well as various types of berries such as
blueberries, bilberries, lingonberries and crowberries dominate here.
The latter is a small dwarf shrub with all around leafy branches. From March to
June, small black berries develop, which have a laxative effect when eaten
raw. In Scandinavia they are often eaten as a compote.
The south of the country is the habitat of dwarf shrubs such as the
inconspicuous seven star, the wood anemone, the lily of the valley as well as
the lingon and blueberries.
High and Aapamoore dominate the north of Finland, and thus a typical bog
vegetation has developed here.
Characteristic plants are the rosemary heather, cranberry, the Scheidige
cottongrass and the carnivorous sundew. All sundew species are characterized by
a sugary secretion secreting glands on special tentacles, which in turn are
located on the leaves of the plant.
This secretion attracts insects that stick to the tentacles and eventually
suffocate or die of exhaustion. Enzymes break down the dead insects and this
gives the sundew the nutrients it needs to grow.