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North Korea

North Korea: Political System

North Korea is constitutionally a people's democratic republic. The officially highest constitutional body is the "Supreme People's Assembly". The original constitution from 1972 was last amended in 1998. After that, the country is ruled by a Prime Minister and a Central People's Committee.

North Korea: Political System

The parliament, i.e. the Supreme People's Assembly, is officially the highest state organ and thus its chairman is the country's official head of state. The country does not have a living president, as the late Kim Il Sung was named "Eternal President". His embalmed corpse is laid out in a mausoleum built for him in Pyongyang and can be venerated there, comparable to the Lenin mausoleum in Moscow.

The nearly 700 members of the Supreme People's Assembly are elected every four years. But the candidates are named centrally and opposing candidates are impossible. The Supreme People's Assembly meets twice a year for a few days, and its function is comparable to that of the People's Chamber of the old GDR.

The ruling party of the country is the Communist Workers' Party of Korea, the general secretary heads the party, it was until December 2011 "Kim Jong-il (1942-2011) who was the real ruler of the country.

On December 17th 2011 the" Beloved Leader passed away "Kim Jong-il", who had ruled the country for 17 years since 1994.

Just a few days after Kim Jong-il's death, his youngest son "Kim Jong Un" (born 1983) was at the head of the state.

The official North Korean news agency KCNA described him as a "great heir" and "outstanding leader of the party, army and people". He is also known as the "respected marshal".

According to, the official name of the country is:

People's Democratic Republic of North Korea

National anthem

Based on flag descriptions by, the national anthem of North Korea was written by Pak Se-yong (1902-1989) and set to music by Kim Won-gyon (1917-2002). It became the country's official anthem in 1948. In Korean, but with Latin letters, it reads:

North Korea flag and coat of arms

A ch'im un pinnara i kangsan

Un'gum e, chawon do kaduk han

Samch'olli, arumdaun nae choguk,

Panmannyon oraen ryoksa e.

Ch'allan han munhwa ro charanan

Sulgiroun inmin ui i yonggwang:

Momgwa mam ta pach'yo, i, choson

Kiri pattuse.Paektusan'gisang ul ta an'go.

Kullo ui chongsin un kitturo.

Chilli ro mungch 'yo chin oksen ttut

On segye apso nagari.

Sonnun him nodo do naemiro,

Inmin ui ttus uro son nara.

Han opsi pugang hanun

I choson kiri pinnaese.

And in the English translation

Let the morning sun shine on the gold and silver of this land,

three thousand miles packed with natural resources.

My beautiful fatherland.

The merit of a wise people

produced a great culture.

Let us give our bodies and minds to

support this Korea forever.The enterprise, bound by the truth, will be

a nest for the working

spirit that embraces the spirit of Mount Paektu

and goes out into the whole world.

The land was founded with the will of the people,

To fight the waves with rising force.

Let us praise this Korea forever,

infinitely rich and strong.

Animals in North Korea


Deer, mountain antelopes, Manchurai weasels, lynxes, northern pikas, muskrats and the Amur tiger live in the northern forests and mountains. With a length of 1.40 to 2.80 m and a height of 80 to 110 cm, the latter is the largest and at the same time the most endangered species of big cats.

In addition to wild boars, it also eats deer and other larger mammals. In addition to a few individuals in North Korea, there are also individual animals in China. The big cat, also known as the Siberian tiger, is most widespread in the Amur-Ussuri region in eastern Siberia.

You can also encounter foxes, wild boars, wolves and leopards here. The latter, however, are located in rather remote areas. In the lowlands, black bears, river deer, mandarin vole, bats, shrews and chipmunks are more common.

Reptiles, amphibians

The Chinese fire-bellied toad comes from North Korea and China. The up to 6 cm large animal is strongly bound to the water and feeds on earthworms, crickets and house crickets. The green back color with black spots and the red or yellow-black lower abdomen are characteristic.

Poisonous animals

This is where the adder occurs.


There are both migratory and migratory birds in North Korea. The Chinese little egret belongs to the migratory birds. The ring-necked pheasant and the pine-biter are common. Cranes, pigeons and waterfowl are also among the more common occurrences in North Korea.

On the Paektusan mountain you can find the black grouse, the hawk owl, the small-spotted woodpecker, the three-toed woodpecker and the willow tit. The black and white colored Tristram woodpecker is one of the protected species. The red cheeks and red crown of the 46 cm tall bird are striking.

Insects, spiders

Anopheles mosquitoes are common along the border of North and South Korea and there is a low risk of malaria infection.






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