Taiwan: Political System
The parliament with 225 members and the president are directly elected by the
population. Parliament is responsible for legislation. The President appoints
the so-called Judicial Yuan, the Supreme Court, the so-called Control Yuan, the
Supreme Audit Office, and the Audit Yuan to control the state administration. In
addition, the President recommends the Prime Minister, who forms the Executive
Yuan, the actual government with eight ministers and several bodies.
An independent national assembly with 325 members is responsible for
constitutional amendments and impeachments.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
|Republic of China to Taiwan
The national anthem of Taiwan is named San Min Chu-i and became the official
national anthem of the Republic of China in Taiwan in 1943.
In the English translation:
|The three popular principles, the goal of our party.
With that we build the republic, with that we achieve world peace.
Oh, you fighters, be the vanguard for the people.
Tirelessly from morning to night, follow the principles.
Praise zeal, praise courage, be reliable and faithful.
With one heart and one will, hold on to it forever.
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the national flag (national flag) of Taiwan was introduced on October 8,
1928. In the blue sky with a white sun, the 12 rays of the sun symbolize the 12
months and the 12 traditional Chinese hours. The red symbolizes the blood of the
revolutionaries who sacrificed themselves to overthrow the Qing Dynasty to found
the Republic of China.
The Qing Dynasty was founded in 1616 and ruled the Chinese Empire from 1644. It
had replaced the Ming Dynasty and ended after the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 with
the proclamation of the Republic of China on January 1, 1912.
Taiwan: Known People
Chen Chengpo (1895-1947), painter.
Daniel Lee (born 1945), artist and photographer.
Chiu Ya Tsai (born 1949), painter.
Chen Hsing-Wan (born 1951), painter.
Shu Lea Cheang (born 1954), artist.
Mali Wu (born 1957), artist.
Lee Mingwei (born 1964), artist.
CH Xavier Wie (born 1966), artist.
An-chi Liu (born 1968), artist.
Yuan Goang-ming (born 1965), artist and photographer.
Goang-Ming Yuan (born 1965), artist.
Jay Chow (born 1979), R&B and rap musician.
Jolin Tsai (born 1980), singer.
Vivian Hsu (born 1975), singer.
Yuan T. Lee (born 1936), chemist and Nobel Prize winner.
Together with his colleagues, he received the Nobel Prize in 1986 for their
contributions to the dynamics of elementary chemical processes.
Wen-Hsiung Li (born 1942), geneticist and evolutionary
He did research mainly in the field of molecular and human evolution and worked
on DNA sequencing of the human genome in the human genome project.
Politicians and rulers
Chiang Ching-kuo (1910--1988) was
President of Taiwan from 1972 to 1988.
Lee Teng-hui (born 1923), politician and President of Taiwan
from 1988 to 2000.
Chen Shui-bian (born 1950), politician and President of
Taiwan since 2000.
Frank Chang-ting Hsieh (born 1946), politician and Prime
Minister of Taiwan from 2005 to 2006.
Writer and poet
LoKuanChung (1330 - 1400) wrote the story of the struggle
for supremacy in China after the Han Dynasty in the years 220-264.
ShihNaiAn (13th - 14th century) wrote the heroic epic "The
robbers from LiangShan Moor".
WuChengEn (1506 - 1582) described the journey of the
Buddhist monk HsuanTang, who brought Buddhism to India, in his work "Reise nach
ChinPingMei wrote the moral novel "Sloe flowers in
a golden vase", published in 1610, about the Ming period.
WuChingTzu (18th century) wrote the social satire "The
Unofficial History of Scholars",
TsaoHüehChin (18th century) is the author of the repeatedly
filmed novel "Dream of the Red Chamber", in which the downfall of the Chia
family is described.
Huang Chunming (born 1939) wrote the works “Sayonara”, which
was also made into a film, and “An old cat drowns”.
Hou Hsiao-Hsien (born 1947), director.
Among other things, he shot “City of Sadness” and “Millennium Manbo”.
Ang Lee (born 1954)
became internationally known as the director of "Eat Drink Man Woman", "Sense
and Sensibility", "The Hulk" and "Brokeback Mountain".
Edward Yang (born 1947), director and screenwriter.
Among other things, he wrote the screenplay for "Winter 1905" and won a prize at
the Cannes Film Festival for his film "Yi Yi".
Qi Shu (born 1976), actress.
She played in the films "The Transporter", "Home sweet home" and "The Korean
Job", among others.
Brigitte Lin (born 1954), actress.
Lin played in the films “Fire Dragon”, “Deadful Melody? and "Police Story" with.
Takeshi Kaneshiro (born 1973), actor.
He played in the films "House of Flying Daggers", "Perhaps Love?" and
“Confession of Pain ?.
Chen Jui-Lien (born 1971), weightlifter.
She set three world records in weightlifting in her career.
Chu Nanmei (born 1970), weightlifter.
She won two Olympic gold medals in 1993.
Chen Shu-Chih (born 1971), weightlifter.
She won the Olympic gold medal in 1993 and 1995.
Li Fengying (born 1975), weightlifter.
She won the Olympic gold medal in 1994 and 1999.